Fairwell Thomas

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In order to examine the necessary structural features for a protein to promote lipid efflux by the ABCA1 transporter, synthetic peptides were tested on ABCA1-transfected cells (ABCA1 cells) and on control cells. L-37pA, an l amino acid peptide that contains two class-A amphipathic helices linked by proline, showed a 4-fold increase in cholesterol and(More)
Serum amyloid A protein (SAA) is an acute-phase reactant, known to mediate pro-inflammatory cellular responses. This study reports that CLA-1 (CD36 and LIMPII Analogous-1; human orthologue of the Scavenger Receptor Class B Type I (SR-BI)) mediates SAA uptake and downstream SAA signaling. Flow cytometry experiments revealed more than a 5-fold increase of(More)
This work tested the theory that neuronal calcium sensor-1 (NCS-1) has effects on neurotransmitter release beyond its actions on membrane channels. We used nerve-ending preparations where membrane channels are bypassed through membrane permeabilization made by mechanical disruption or streptolysin-O. Nerve ending NCS-1 and phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase(More)
By systematic sequencing of a flower bud cDNA library from Arabidopsis thaliana, we have identified four cDNAs encoding polygalacturonase. The corresponding genes, together with seven other A. thaliana genes present in the databases, form a small gene family. Sequence comparisons of the deduced polypeptides within the gene family or with other plant(More)
Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) is positive in approximately 80% of all patients who have been found to have neuroendocrine (NE) gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) tumors. The reasons for negative results are unclear. The aim of the present study was identification of the specific somatostatin receptor (SSTR) subtypes that are responsible for the in vivo(More)
Neuronal calcium sensor-1, a protein of calcium sensor family, is known to have four structural EF-hands. We have synthesised peptides corresponding to all the four EF-hands and studied their conformation and calcium-binding. Our data confirm that the first putative site, a non-canonical one (EF1), does not bind calcium. We have investigated if this lack of(More)
ApoA-I contains a tandem array of amphipathic helices with varying lipid affinity, which are critical in its ability to bind and remove lipids from cells by the ABCA1 transporter. In this study, the effect of asymmetry in the lipid affinity of amphipathic helices in a bihelical apoA-I mimetic peptide, 37pA, on lipid efflux by the ABCA1 transporter was(More)
The beta- and gamma-crystallins are closely related lens proteins that are members of the betagamma-crystallin superfamily, which also include many non-lens members. Although beta-crystallin is known to be a calcium-binding protein, this property has not been reported in gamma-crystallin. We have studied the calcium binding properties of gamma-crystallin,(More)
The apo C-II gene from a patient with apo C-II deficiency has been sequenced after amplification by the polymerase chain reaction. A substitution of an adenosine for a guanosine at position 3002 in exon 3 of the patient's gene was identified by sequence analysis. This mutation leads to the introduction of a premature termination codon (TAA) at a position(More)
A phosphoryl protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) activity has been characterized in rat pancreatic acinar membranes using 32P-labeled poly(Glu,Tyr) as substrate. Acinar membranes exhibited a high affinity for the substrate, with an apparent Km of 0.46 microM and an apparent Vmax of 0.9 nmol.mg protein-1.min-1. Acinar membrane PTPase activity displayed(More)