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The stereoselectivity of R,S-venlafaxine and its metabolites R,S-O-desmethylvenlafaxine, N-desmethylvenlafaxine, O,N-didesmethylvenlafaxine, N,N-didesmethylvenlafaxine and tridesmethylvenlafaxine was studied in three processes: (i) anaerobic and aerobic laboratory scale tests; (ii) six wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) operating under different(More)
Dental caries (tooth decay) is caused by a specific group of cariogenic bacteria, like Streptococcus mutans, which convert dietary sugars into acids that dissolve the mineral in tooth structure. Killing cariogenic bacteria is an effective way to control or prevent tooth decay. In a previous study, we discovered a novel compound (Glycyrrhizol A), from the(More)
We extend our sol-gel methodology of one-pot sequences of reactions with opposing reagents to an enzyme/metal-complex pair. Sol-gel entrapped lipase and sol-gel entrapped RhCl[P(C(6)H(5))(3)](3) or Rh(2)Co(2)(CO)(12) were used for one-pot esterification and C-C double bond hydrogenation reactions, leading to saturated esters in good yields. When only the(More)
The pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of female sexual interest in pre- and post-menopausal women present a complex arena for patients and physicians to navigate. Flibanserin was the first pharmacologic treatment, approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration in August 2015, for hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in premenopausal(More)
The Rayleigh equation is frequently used to describe isotope fractionation as a function of conversion. In this article we propose to draw a parallel between isotope and enantiomeric enrichments and derive a set of conditions that allow the use of the Rayleigh approach to describe the enantiomeric enrichment-conversion dependencies. We demonstrate an(More)
The explosive Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) is known to be degraded aerobically by various isolates of the Rhodococcus species, with denitration being the key step, mediated by Cytochrome P450. Our study aimed at gaining insight into the RDX degradation mechanism by Rhodococcus species and comparing isotope effects associated with RDX(More)
In this study we propose a new approach for analyzing the enantioselective biodegradation of some antidepressant drugs mediated by human and rat liver microsomes by using the Rayleigh equation to describe the enantiomeric enrichment-conversion dependencies. Analysis of reported degradation data of additional six pesticides, an alpha blocker and a flame(More)
Herein, we present a combined (experimental and computational) study of the Finkelstein reaction in condensed phase, where bromine is substituted by iodine in 2-bromoethylbenzene, in the presence of either acetone or acetonitrile as a solvent. Performance of various density functional theory and ab initio methods were tested for reaction barrier heights as(More)
We developed an analytical method for precise and accurate analysis of δ(34)S, δ(81)Br, and δ(37)Cl in individual anionic species by coupled ion chromatography (IC) and multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICPMS). The method is based on the online separation and purification of ions by IC prior to their isotope analysis by(More)
Decrease in the titer of bacteriophage PRD1 (a model of animal adenoviruses) in aqueous solutions caused by the presence of systematically chemically derivatized surfaces was kinetically investigated. The greatest loss of infectivity--up to a 4-log reduction in the titer--was observed with immobilized hydrophobic polyethylenimine-based and dendrimer-based(More)