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Earlier studies suggested that while after spinal cord lesions and transplants at birth, the transplants serve both as a bridge and as a relay to restore supraspinal input caudal to the injury (Bregman, 1994), after injury in the adult the spinal cord transplants serve as a relay, but not as a bridge. We show here, that after complete spinal cord(More)
OBJECT The authors have developed a novel technique for percutaneous fusion in which standard microendoscopic discectomy is modified. Based on data obtained in their cadaveric studies they considered that this minimally invasive interbody fusion could be safely implemented clinically. The authors describe their initial experience with a microendoscopic(More)
OBJECT Various approaches exist for the treatment of thoracic disc herniation. Anterior approaches facilitate ventral exposure but place the intrathoracic contents at risk. Posterolateral approaches require extensive muscle dissection that adds to the risk of postoperative morbidity. The authors have developed a novel posterolateral, minimally invasive(More)
The human beta-amyloid protein may play an important, possibly primary, role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and it appears to potentiate the susceptibility of neurons to excitotoxicity. AD is associated with alterations in the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) subtypes of(More)
The human beta-amyloid protein is deposited in senile plaques and in the cerebro-vasculature of people with Alzheimer's disease and Down's syndrome. The precise role of beta-amyloid in Alzheimer's disease pathology is presently unknown. To study the properties of beta-amyloid in vivo, we generated transgenic mice that harbor the gene for the(More)
The adult central nervous system is capable of considerable anatomical reorganization and functional recovery after injury. Functional outcomes, however, vary greatly, depending upon size and location of injury, type and timing of intervention, and type of recovery and plasticity evaluated. The present study was undertaken to assess the recovery of skilled(More)
OBJECTIVE Lumbar spinal stenosis and spondylosis are major causes of morbidity among the elderly. Surgical decompression is an effective treatment, but many elderly patients are not considered as candidates for surgery based on age or comorbidities. Minimally invasive surgical techniques have recently been developed and used successfully for the treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE Synovial cysts are a rare cause of lumbar radiculopathy and back pain. Surgical treatment is directed at complete excision of the cyst. We used minimally invasive surgical techniques for a series of patients, to assess the effectiveness of this approach for resection of synovial cysts. METHODS Seventeen patients (10 female and 7 male patients)(More)
We report a 48-year-old woman with a left posterior temporal extra-axial mass that had the imaging characteristics of a meningioma on preoperative CT, MRI and angiography. However, a biopsy diagnosis of sarcoidosis was made. This case illustrates that dural-based sarcoid masses can be very vascular and radiographically indistinguishable from meningiomas.(More)
OBJECT Experience with minimal-access surgical approaches for revision lumbar surgery has not been previously reported. METHODS During a 7-month period, 10 consecutive patients with recurrent disc herniations underwent revision operations in which microendoscopic discectomy (MED) was performed. Perioperative data and clinical outcomes (according to Macnab(More)