Fahad al-Obeidi

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The cloning of the melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) receptors (MC1-R and MC2-R, respectively) recently has led to the identification of three additional melanocortin receptors, MC3-R, MC4-R, and MC5-R. The MC2 receptor primarily recognizes only ACTH peptides, but the other four receptors all recognize(More)
Utilizing results from previous structure-activity relationships and theoretical studies of alpha-melanotropin (alpha-MSH, Ac-Ser-Tyr-Ser-Met-Glu-His-Phe-Arg-Trp-Gly-Lys-Pro-Val-NH2) and its related superpotent analogues, Ac-[Nle4,D-Phe7]-alpha-MSH and Ac-[Cys4,Cys10]-alpha-MSH, we have designed a new class of alpha-MSH4-13 and alpha-MSH4-10 cyclic lactam(More)
Protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) play a crucial role in many cell regulatory processes. It is therefore not surprising to see that functional perturbation of PTKs results in many diseases. Despite the diverse primary structure organization of various PTKs, the catalytic or kinase domains of various PTKs as well as that of Ser/Thr kinases are generally(More)
We have used high-temperature quenched molecular dynamics calculations to investigate the conformational properties of tuftsin (Thr-Lys-Pro-Arg) in solution. Conformers obtained after quenching of the dynamical structures were sorted into families depending on their relative energies and backbone conformations. By examination of these families, several(More)
Histidine phosphorylation (pHis) is well studied in bacteria; however, its role in mammalian signaling remains largely unexplored due to the lack of pHis-specific antibodies and the lability of the phosphoramidate (P-N) bond. Both imidazole nitrogens can be phosphorylated, forming 1-phosphohistidine (1-pHis) or 3-phosphohistidine (3-pHis). We have developed(More)
alpha-Melanotropin (alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, alpha-MSH) is a tridecapeptide, Ac-Ser-Tyr-Ser-Met-Glu-His-Phe-Arg-Trp-Gly-Lys-Pro-Val-NH2. The minimal sequence of alpha-MSH required for agonism in the lizard (Anolis carolinensis) skin bioassay was determined to be Ac-His-Phe-Arg-Trp-NH2 (Ac-alpha-MSH6-9-NH2). Smaller fragments of this sequence(More)
Hormones are chemical messengers released from cells to act on and control the activity of other cells. Hormonal ligands initiate their actions by interacting with receptive substances (Langley, 1906) of the target cells. These receptors are proteins that are either integral components of the cell membrane or are localized cytoplasmically within cells.(More)