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The purpose of this investigation is to understand situations under which an enhancement method succeeds in recovering an image from data which are noisy and blurred. The method in question is due to Rudin and Osher. The method selects, from a class of feasible images, one that has the least total variation. Our investigation is limited to images which have… (More)

A reliable and efficient computational algorithm for restoring blurred and noisy images is proposed. The restoration process is based on the minimal total variation principle introduced by Rudin et al. For discrete images, the proposed algorithm minimizes a piecewise linear l (1) function (a measure of total variation) subject to a single 2-norm inequality… (More)

The classical level set method, which represents the boundary of the unknown geometry as the zero-level set of a function, has been shown to be very effective in solving shape optimization problems. The present work addresses the issue of using a level set representation when there are simple geometrical and topological constraints. We propose a logarithmic… (More)

We study an initial boundary-value problem for a wave equation with time-dependent soundspeed. In the control problem, we wish to determine a soundspeed function which damps the vibration of the system. We consider the case where the soundspeed can take on only two values, and propose a simple control law. We show that if the number of modes in the… (More)

The problem of creating eigenfunctions which are localized arises in the study of photonic bandgap structures. A model problem, that of finding material inhomogeneity in a domain so that one of its Dirichlet eigenfunctions is localized, is considered in this work. The most difficult aspect, that of formulating the problem, is described, and well-posed… (More)

Electrical impedance tomography is a procedure by which one nds the conductivity distribution inside a domain from measurements of voltages and currents at the boundary. This work addresses the issue of stability and resolution limit of such an imaging device. We consider the realistic case where only a nite number of measurements are available. An… (More)