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Wernicke's syndrome, caused by thiamine deficiency, is most commonly associated with alcoholism but can also occur in patients who are malnourished or have malabsorption of nutrients for other reasons. Since the classic triad of encephalopathy, nystagmus and ataxia occurs simultaneously in only 10-33% of cases, a high index of suspicion is needed in any(More)
BACKGROUND Fournier's gangrene, first described by Dr Jean Alfred Fournier in 1883, still has a high mortality rate. The prognosis and outcome of such patients were analysed. METHODS Forty-one patients with Fournier's gangrene were reviewed on the parameters of age, sex, aetiological agents, predisposing factors, treatment modalities and outcomes. (More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this paper is to assess the effects of halofuginone, a specific inhibitor of synthesis of collagen Type 1, on fibrogenetic process in an experimental model of early pancreatic fibrosis. METHODS Thirty rats were divided into three equal groups: group 1, sham laparotomy; group 2, severe hyperstimulation and obstruction pancreatitis(More)
We report a case of a premenopausal woman with severe constipation causing intermittent obstruction. Colonoscopy revealed a tight rectal stricture; however, mucosal biopsies were normal. Exploratory surgery revealed an intense fibrotic reaction involving the rectum and uterus, necessitating a simultaneous low anterior resection and hysterectomy. Pathology(More)
Mesenteric cysts are rare intraabdominal benign cystic lesions. These lesions are most commonly located in the ileal mesentery, without any sex predilection. Mesenteric cysts may be totally asymptomatic and discovered incidentally during routine radiologic examinations. Chronic abdominal pain or acute abdomen may be accompanying to these lesions.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of pneumoperitoneum and patient positioning on respiratory mechanics and blood gases in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients during laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. METHODS After the approval of the Ethical Committee, 32 patients were divided into 2 groups as(More)
Gastrointestinal bleeding is a life-threatening manifestation of intestinal tuberculosis that is generally attributed to oozing of blood from the mucosal ulcers. We report a case of intestinal tuberculosis presenting with massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding from jejunal artery pseudoaneurysm diagnosed with angiography and successfully embolizated by(More)
True nonparasitic splenic cysts are rare. Reports of approximately 30 cases of benign true splenic cysts producing elevated CA 19-9 serum levels have been published. The traditional treatment of splenic epidermoid cysts is splenectomy. However, with all the advances in laparoscopic surgery, conservative laparoscopic approaches are accepted as the most(More)
While the majority of fistulas in ano result from infection of the anal crypts, complex, recurrent, and/or nonhealing fistulas should always raise the suspicion of a chronic underlying condition. In this paper, we present a 30-year-old male patient with a diagnosis of a complex suprasphincteric fistula caused by a surgical thread left behind after an(More)