Fadia A. Mayyas

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Opioids are recommended for control of moderate-to-severe, chronic, malignant, and nonmalignant pain. A controlled-release formulation of the opioid oxymorphone has recently been launched. The aim of this review was to assess the effectiveness of oxymorphone as an analgesic in chronic pain. A systematic search for published studies of oral oxymorphone in(More)
Inflammation plays a pivotal role in the etiology of coronary artery disease (CAD). Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a potent inflammatory factor and a critical modulator of coronary inflammation and oxidative stress. The goal of this study was to determine the impact of the plasma MPO (pMPO) level and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio on the clinical characteristics and(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) promotes atrial remodeling and can develop secondary to heart failure or mitral valve disease. Cardiac endothelin-1 (ET-1) expression responds to wall stress and can promote myocyte hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis. We tested the hypothesis that atrial ET-1 is elevated in AF and is associated with AF persistence. (More)
AIMS Pre-treatment with dietary ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3-PUFA) has been reported to reduce the incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) following cardiac surgery. In a canine cardiac surgery model, we evaluated the impact of dietary ω3-PUFA on atrial electrophysiological properties, inflammatory markers, the atrial endothelin-1 (ET-1)(More)
Sleep deprivation (SD) has been associated with memory impairment through induction of oxidative stress. Melatonin, which promotes the metabolism of many reactive oxygen species (ROS), has antioxidant and neuroprotective properties. In this study, the effect of melatonin on memory impairment induced by 4 weeks of SD was investigated using rat animal model.(More)
BACKGROUND Western diet (WD) has been known to promote cardiac oxidative stress in models of hypertension and obesity. Pentoxifylline (PTX) is a potent antioxidant. The impact of PTX and WD on cardiac oxidative status in healthy hearts is unclear. AIM we aimed to determine the impact of WD and/or PTX on blood pressure and myocardial oxidative status in(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Coronary artery disease (CAD) is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. Inflammatory, pro-thrombotic and structural factors contribute to the etiology of CAD. This study sought to determine the relationship of plasma endothelin-1 (pET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor, mitogen and modulator of cardiac inflammation, to clinical(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common cardiac arrhythmia, is an electrocardiographic description of a condition with multiple and complex underlying mechanisms. Oxidative stress is an important driver of structural remodeling that creates a substrate for AF. Oxidant radicals may promote increase of atrial oxidative damage, electrical and structural(More)
The MDR1 gene encodes for P-glycoprotein (P-gp), which is an efflux transporter at the cell membrane. The P-gp has wide substrate specificity for multiple medications including the lipid lowering drug, atorvastatin. In this study, we investigated the possible association between three common MDR1 gene polymorphisms (G2677T, C3435T, and C1236T), and the(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus (DM) is linked to cardiovascular diseases development and progression. Aldosterone contributes to cardiac oxidative stress and remodeling. AIM To evaluate the impact of spironolactone (an aldosterone antagonist) on markers of myocardial redox status in a rat model of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DM. METHOD Adult Sprague(More)