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HIV proteins Nef and Vpu down-modulate various host factors to evade immune defenses. Indeed, the CD4 receptor is down-regulated by Nef and Vpu, whereas virion-tethering BST2 is depleted by Vpu. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) is increasingly recognized as a potentially powerful anti-HIV response. Given that epitopes which are specific(More)
Previous studies demonstrated the presence of oxytocin (OT) and oxytocin receptors (OTRs) in the heart. The present work provides results supporting a potential role of OT in cardiomyogenesis. Here, we show a maximal OT and OTR protein level in the developing rat heart at day 21 of gestation and postnatal days 1-4, when cardiac myocytes are at a stage of(More)
Produced and released by the heart, oxytocin (OT) acts on its cardiac receptors to decrease the cardiac rate and force of contraction. We hypothesized that it might also be produced in the vasculature and regulate vascular tone. Consequently, we prepared acid extracts of the pulmonary artery and vena cava of female rats. OT concentrations in dog and sheep(More)
Vpu is a multifunctional accessory protein that enhances the release of HIV-1 by counteracting the entrapment of nascent virions on infected cell surface mediated by BST2/Tetherin. Vpu-mediated BST2 antagonism involves physical association with BST2 and subsequent mislocalization of the restriction factor to intracellular compartments followed by(More)
Protein secretion is a complex process that can be modulated by folding factors in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), such as calnexin, a highly-conserved molecular chaperone involved in quality control. In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, calnexin (Cnx1p) is essential for cell viability. The calnexin/Cnx1p determinants required for viability have been mapped within(More)
We previously reported Tie2 receptor expression on human neutrophils, which promote chemotactic activities upon activation by both angiopoietins (Ang1 and Ang2). Moreover, we observed that neutrophil pretreatment with Ang1 or Ang2 enhances interleukin-8 (IL-8) chemotactic effect. Therefore, we assessed the capacity of Ang1 and/or Ang2 to modulate neutrophil(More)
We report here that the rat heart is a site of oxytocin (OT) synthesis and release. Oxytocin was detected in all four chambers of the heart. The highest OT concentration was in the right atrium (2128 +/- 114 pg/mg protein), which was 19-fold higher than in rat uterus but 3.3-fold lower than in the hypothalamus. OT concentrations were significantly greater(More)
In vitro studies of several naturally occurring proteins have characterized VH family-specific B lymphocyte binding and stimulatory properties that appear analogous to those of T cell superantigens. To examine the in vivo consequences of exposure to a putative B cell superantigen, we treated neonatal BALB/c mice with a form of staphylococcal protein A (MS)(More)
We recently demonstrated that Tie2 receptor activation on human neutrophils by both angiopoietins (Ang1 and Ang2) promoted platelet-activating factor synthesis, beta(2)-integrin activation, and cell migration. Herein, we wanted to assess if human neutrophils express angiopoietins and further delineate their mechanisms of release. Employing Reverse(More)
Several members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family are potent endothelial cell (EC) mitogens and angiogenic factors, and their activities can be mediated by four tyrosine kinase receptors (FGFR1-4). In addition, FGFs can induce the release of inflammatory mediators by ECs and the expression of adhesion molecules at their surface, thereby favoring(More)