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Apoptosis occurs widely during brain development, and p73 transcription factors are thought to play essential roles in this process. The p73 transcription factors are present in two forms, the full length TAp73 and the N-terminally truncated DeltaNp73. In cultured sympathetic neurons, overexpression of DeltaNp73 inhibits apoptosis induced by nerve growth(More)
Ependymal cells form the epithelial lining of cerebral ventricles. Their apical surface is covered by cilia that beat in a coordinated fashion to facilitate circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The genetic factors that govern the development and function of ependymal cilia remain poorly understood. We found that the planar cell polarity cadherins(More)
In the embryonic CNS, the development of axonal tracts is required for the formation of connections and is regulated by multiple genetic and microenvironmental factors. Here we show that mice with inactivation of Celsr3, an ortholog of Drosophila melanogaster flamingo (fmi; also known as starry night, stan) that encodes a seven-pass protocadherin, have(More)
During hindbrain development, facial branchiomotor neurons (FBM neurons) migrate from medial rhombomere (r) 4 to lateral r6. In zebrafish, mutations in planar cell polarity genes celsr2 and frizzled3a block caudal migration of FBM neurons. Here, we investigated the role of cadherins Celsr1-3, and Fzd3 in FBM neuron migration in mice. In Celsr1 mutants(More)
Monoaminergic neurons [serotonergic (5-HT) and dopaminergic (mdDA)] in the brainstem project axons along the anterior-posterior axis. Despite their important physiological functions and implication in disease, the molecular mechanisms that dictate the formation of these projections along the anterior-posterior axis remain unknown. Here we reveal a novel(More)
The cortex receives its major sensory input from the thalamus via thalamocortical axons, and cortical neurons are interconnected in complex networks by corticocortical and callosal axons. Our understanding of the mechanisms generating the circuitry that confers functional properties on cortical neurons and networks, although poor, has been advanced(More)
Planar cell polarity (PCP) is complementary to the intrinsic polarization of single cells and refers to the global coordination of cell behaviour in the plane of a tissue and, by extension, to the signalling pathways that control it. PCP is most evident in cell sheets, and research into PCP was for years confined to studies in Drosophila melanogaster.(More)
During development, most cortical neurons migrate to the cortical plate (CP) radially. CP development is abnormal in reeler and other mutant mice with defective Reelin signaling. Reelin is secreted by Cajal-Retzius cells and binds to the very low density lipoprotein receptor and apolipoprotein E receptor type 2 receptors on the surface of CP cells, inducing(More)
Planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling controls tissue morphogenesis by coordinating collective cell behaviors. We show a critical role for the core PCP proteins Celsr1 and Vangl2 in the complex morphogenetic process of intraluminal valve formation in lymphatic vessels. We found that valve-forming endothelial cells undergo elongation, reorientation, and(More)