Fackson Mwale

Learn More
The authors review the structure and composition of articular cartilage. This tissue is composed of an extensive extracellular matrix synthesized by chondrocytes. It contains different zones with respect to depth from the articular surface and has a regional organization around the chondrocytes. Its composition varies regionally and zonally in its collagen(More)
Tissue engineering of intervertebral discs (IVD) using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) induced to differentiate into a disc-cell phenotype has been considered as an alternative treatment for disc degeneration. However, since there is no unique marker characteristic of discs and since hyaline cartilage and immature nucleus pulposus (NP) possess similar(More)
BACKGROUND Metal ion toxicity, metal hypersensitivity, and metal carcinogenicity are causes for concern for patients with metal-on-metal hip replacements. Thus, understanding the biological fate of metal ions, and consequently their long-term systemic effects, is of great interest to patients and surgeons alike. METHODS Inductively coupled plasma mass(More)
Calcification is a pathological process that may lead to impairment of nutrient supply and disc metabolism in degenerative and scoliotic intervertebral discs (IVDs). The purpose of this study was to assess the calcification potential of IVDs in degenerative disc disease (DDD) and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). For this purpose, 34 IVDs from 16 adult(More)
The functions of the intervertebral disc and of articular cartilage are intimately related to their aggrecan content. Aggrecan is a proteoglycan that interacts with hyaluronan to form large aggregates, which are responsible for the ability of the tissues to resist compressive loads. This function is related to the structure of aggrecan, and in particular to(More)
Although much has been learned about growth plate development and chondrocyte gene expression during cellular maturation and matrix remodeling in the mouse, there has been a limited study of the interrelationships of gene expression between proteinases, growth factors, and other regulatory molecules in the mouse and in other species. Here we use RT-PCR of(More)
A clinical strength MRI and intact bovine caudal intervertebral discs were used to test the hypotheses that (1) mechanical loading and trypsin treatment induce changes in NMR parameters, mechanical properties and biochemical contents; and (2) mechanical properties are quantitatively related to NMR parameters. MRI acquisitions, confined compression(More)
The recent development of new specific immunoassays has provided an opportunity to study the assembly and resorption of type II and IX collagens of the extracellular matrix in relationship to endochondral calcification in situ. Here, we describe how in the bovine fetal physis prehypertrophic chondrocytes deposit an extensive extracellular matrix that,(More)
STUDY DESIGN Human intervertebral discs were used to develop an intact whole disc organ culture system with long-term cell viability. OBJECTIVE To develop and validate a long-term organ culture system for intact human intervertebral discs, in which the potential for biologic repair of disc degeneration can be studied. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA(More)
While tremendous work has been performed to characterize degenerative disc disease through gross morphologic, biochemical, and histologic grading schemes, the development of an accurate and noninvasive diagnostic tool is required to objectively detect changes in the matrix with aging and disc degeneration. In the present study, quantitative magnetic(More)