Fabrizio Giordanetto

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Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) is a NADH oxidase with a local redox function that is essential for optimal oxidative phosphorylation and for an efficient anti-oxidant defense. The absence of AIF can cause neurodegeneration, skeleton muscle atrophy and dilated cardiomyopathy. In many models of apoptosis, AIF translocates to the nucleus, where it induces(More)
BACKGROUND P2Y(12) plays an important role in regulating platelet aggregation and function. This receptor is the primary target of thienopyridine antiplatelet agents, the active metabolites of which bind irreversibly to the receptor, and of newer agents that can directly and reversibly modulate receptor activity. OBJECTIVE To characterize the receptor(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays a major role in regulating cellular energy balance by sensing and responding to increases in AMP/ADP concentration relative to ATP. Binding of AMP causes allosteric activation of the enzyme and binding of either AMP or ADP promotes and maintains the phosphorylation of threonine 172 within the activation loop of the(More)
Cyclophilin A (CypA) was determined to interact with apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) by mass spectroscopy, coimmunoprecipitation, pull-down assays, and molecular modeling. During the initial, caspase-independent stage of chromatin condensation that accompanies apoptosis, AIF and CypA were found to coimmunolocalize in the nucleus. Recombinant AIF and CypA(More)
The viral mitochondrial inhibitor of apoptosis (vMIA) encoded by the human cytomegalovirus exerts cytopathic effects and neutralizes the proapoptotic endogenous Bcl-2 family member Bax by recruiting it to mitochondria, inducing its oligomerization and membrane insertion. Using a combination of computational modeling and mutational analyses, we addressed the(More)
Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) is a mitochondrial flavoprotein, which upon apoptosis induction translocates to the nucleus where it interacts with DNA by virtue of positive charges clustered on the AIF surface. Here we show that the AIF interactome, as determined by mass spectroscopy, contains a large panel of ribonucleoproteins, which apparently bind to(More)
Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) inhibits apoptosis and thereby increases the survival of cells exposed to a wide range of lethal stimuli. HSP70 has also been shown to increase the tumorigenicity of cancer cells in rodent models. The protective function of this chaperone involves interaction and neutralization of the caspase activator apoptotic protease(More)
Suppressor Of Cytokine Signalling 1 (SOCS-1) is one of the proteins responsible for the negative regulation of the JAK-STAT pathway triggered by many cytokines. This important inhibition involves complex formation between SOCS-1 and JAK2, which requires particular structural domains (KIR, ESS and SH2) on SOCS-1. A three-dimensional theoretical model of(More)
A high-throughput method for rapid screening of in vitro drug-brain homogenate binding is presented. The method is based on a straightforward sample pooling approach combining equilibrium dialysis with liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LCMS). A strong correlation of fraction unbound in brain (fu) between single compound measurements and 25-pooled(More)
INTRODUCTION AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a heterotrimeric protein complex with serine/threonine kinase activity has a central role in controlling cellular energy expenditure. Small molecule-based activation of AMPK represents an attractive therapeutic proposition because of AMPK's ability to regulate several anabolic and catabolic pathways that are(More)