Fabrizio Giannotta

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Haydon and Guest (Haydon, D. J, and Guest, J. R. (1991) FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 63, 291-295) first described the helix-turn-helix GntR family of bacterial regulators. They presented them as transcription factors sharing a similar N-terminal DNA-binding (d-b) domain, but they observed near-maximal divergence in the C-terminal effector-binding and(More)
In a general approach to the understanding of protein adaptation to high temperature, molecular models of the closely related mesophilic Streptomyces sp. S38 Xyl1 and thermophilic Thermomonospora fusca TfxA family 11 xylanases were built and compared with the three-dimensional (3D) structures of homologous enzymes. Some of the structural features identified(More)
The chromosomal inactivation of the unique transcription factor of Streptomyces coelicolor that displays a cyclic-nucleotide-binding domain, Crp(Sco), led to a germination-defective phenotype similar to the mutant of the adenylate cyclase gene (cya) unable to produce cAMP. By means of cAMP affinity chromatography we demonstrate the specific cAMP-binding(More)
The xyl1 gene encoding the Xyl1 xylanase of Streptomyces sp. strain S38 was cloned by screening an enriched DNA library with a specific DNA probe and sequenced. Three short 5 bp -CGAAA- sequences are located upstream of the Streptomyces sp. S38 xyl1 gene 105, 115 and 250 bp before the start codon. These sequences, named boxes 1, 2 and 3, are conserved(More)
Monoclonal antibodies are a commercially successful class of drug molecules and there are now a growing number of antibodies coupled to toxic payloads, which demonstrate clinical efficacy. Determining the precise epitope of therapeutic antibodies is beneficial in understanding the structure-activity relationship of the drug, but in many cases is not done(More)
The system described here allows the expression of protein fragments into a solvent-exposed loop of a carrier protein, the beta-lactamase BlaP. When using Escherichia coli constitutive expression vectors, a positive selection of antibioresistant bacteria expressing functional hybrid beta-lactamases is achieved in the presence of beta-lactams making further(More)
Mapping of epitopes is a crucial step for the study of immune pathways, the engineering of vaccines and the development of immunoassays. In this work, the Bacillus licheniformis beta-lactamase BlaP has been engineered to display heterologous polypeptides in a permissive and solvent-exposed loop. When combined with phage display, this modified enzyme can be(More)
The alignment of the promoter region of several Streptomyces xylanases shows three conserved sequences which could be involved in gene regulation. By electromobility shift assays these specific sequences, present only in Streptomyces xylanolytic strains, were identified as protein-binding sites. The sequence required for efficient recognition by the(More)
Streptomyces sp. EC3, a strain which was originally isolated from cattle manure compost, was shown to possess a strong xylanolytic activity. One of the genes responsible for this activity, xlnC , encodes a secreted xylanase. In the native strain, as in the heterologous host S. lividans, expression of xlnC was detectable in the presence of xylan but not in(More)
Streptomyces cacaoi β-lactamase genes are controlled by two regulators named blaA and blaB. Whereas BlaA has been identified as a LysR-type activator, the function of BlaB is still unknown. Its primary structure is similar to that of the serine penicillin-recognizing enzymes (PREs). Indeed, the SXXK and KTG motifs are perfectly conserved in BlaB, whereas(More)
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