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BACKGROUND In normal awake infants, fidgety movements are seen from the age of 6 weeks to 20 weeks. The aim of the study was to test the predictive value of absent or abnormal spontaneous movements in young infants for the later development of neurological deficits. METHODS In a collaborative study involving five hospitals we collected data on the normal(More)
The developmental course of spontaneous motility was investigated in a group of 26 fullterm infants, affected by mild to severe hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy. Serial 1-h videorecordings were carried out from birth to 15-22 weeks and a quality assessment of general movements (GMs) was made from a replay of the videos. Neurological follow-up of the infants(More)
The aims of the study were (1) to replicate previous quantitative studies of motor activity in low-risk and high-risk preterm infants and (2) to apply a new method of systematic analysis of the qualitative characteristics of general movements in these two groups of infants. Sequential one-hour videorecordings of the unstimulated infants in the incubator(More)
Posture and spontaneous motor patterns during the first days of life were studied in ten healthy fullterm infants by direct observation and videorecording. The aim of the study was to provide a description of motor and postural characteristics of normal newborns. The infants were recorded for 1 h on their first and fourth day of life, when unstimulated in(More)
The behaviour problems of children born preterm at school age are well known, but there have been few studies on the behaviour problems of preterm-born infants during infancy and at preschool age. Fourteen cohort studies published in PubMed and PsycINFO between 2000 and 2012 were reviewed with a focus on the type, occurrence, comorbidity, stability,(More)
Benign Familial Neonatal Seizures (BFNS) is a rare, autosomal-dominant epilepsy of the newborn caused by mutations in K(v)7.2 (KCNQ2) or K(v)7.3 (KCNQ3) genes encoding for neuronal potassium (K(+)) channel subunits. In this study, we describe a sporadic case of BFNS; the affected child carried heterozygous missense mutations in both K(v)7.2 (D212G) and(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnostic and prognostic assessment of newborn infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) comprises, among other tools, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps. OBJECTIVE To compare the ability of DWI and ADC maps in newborns with HIE to predict the neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of(More)
Background. Studies have reported that infants with hemiplegia of congenital origin may have a period between birth and up to 12 months when clinical signs of hemiplegia are not evident. The aim of this study was to establish whether the assessment of general movements (GMs) may help in the earlier detection of signs of hemiplegia. Subjects and Methods.(More)
We describe the state of the art of Prechtl's method for the qualitative assessment of general movements as a diagnostic tool for early detection of brain dysfunction. After discussing the optimal technique for video recording general movements in preterm, term and young infants, attention is focused on the proper analysis of this spontaneous motor pattern.(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of the study was to document the early developmental course of neurological signs in a group of preterm infants at risk for hemiplegia due to unilateral intraparenchymal echodensity (UIPE). Sixteen preterm infants with UIPE and sixteen controls were given serial neurological examinations, according to the protocols currently adopted in(More)