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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is accompanied by neurocognitive impairment, likely mediated by injury to various brain regions. We evaluated brain morphological changes in patients with OSA and their relationship to neuropsychological and oximetric data. Sixteen patients affected by moderate-severe OSA (age: 55.8±6.7 years, 13 males) and fourteen control(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Persistently hypointense lesions on T1-weighted MR images have been shown to correlate with the amount of axonal damage and clinical disability in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether diffusion coefficient D(av) and fractional anisotropy (FA) are able to detect quantifiable differences(More)
We studied five patients with multiple sclerosis with one plaque of demyelination more than 2 cm in diameter, using conventional and diffusion-weighted MRI, soon after the onset of symptoms and over 1-36 months. The orientationally averaged diffusion coefficient <D> was increased in all the acute lesions, and increased further during follow-up in three.(More)
In vivo multiple spin echoes (MSE) images of bone marrow in trabecular bone were obtained for the first time on a clinical 1.5 T scanner. Despite of a reduced sensitivity of the MSE trabecular bone images with respect to the cerebral matter ones, it is possible to observe some features in the MSE trabecular bone images that may be useful in the diagnosis of(More)
Echo-planar imaging is the most widely used imaging sequence for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) due to its fast acquisition. However, it is prone to local distortions, image blurring, and signal voids. As these effects scale with echo train length and field strength, it is essential for high-resolution echo-planar imaging at ultrahigh field to(More)
To study the sensitivity of intermolecular double quantum coherences (iDQc) imaging contrast to brain microstructure and brain anisotropy, we investigated the iDQC contrast between differently structured areas of the brain according to the strength and the direction of the applied correlation gradient. Thus diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and diffusion(More)
Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is a promising binary modality used to treat malignant brain gliomas. To optimize BNCT effectiveness a non-invasive method is needed to monitor the spatial distribution of BNCT carriers in order to estimate the optimal timing for neutron irradiation. In this study, in vivo spatial distribution mapping and(More)
The aim of this study was to use quantitative magnetisation transfer (MT) imaging to assess the different pathological substrates of tissue damage in multiple sclerosis (MS) and examine whether the MT parameters may be used to explain the disability in relapsing remitting (RR) MS. Thirteen patients with RRMS and 14 healthy controls were prescribed(More)
In an attempt to clarify whether T1 relaxation time mapping may assist in characterizing the pathological brain tissue substrate of multiple sclerosis (MS), we compared the T1 relaxation times of lesions, areas of normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) located proximal to lesions, and areas of NAWM located distant from lesions in 12 patients with the(More)
Introduction: High resolution diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and therefore fiber tractography is a challenge at ultra-high field strength. With higher field strength and resolution, susceptibility effects and T2* decay cause increased distortions, drop-outs and image degradation of single-shot EPI (ss-EPI) acquisitions. Parallel imaging can be used to(More)