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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is accompanied by neurocognitive impairment, likely mediated by injury to various brain regions. We evaluated brain morphological changes in patients with OSA and their relationship to neuropsychological and oximetric data. Sixteen patients affected by moderate-severe OSA (age: 55.8±6.7 years, 13 males) and fourteen control(More)
Precise kinematics or body configuration cannot be recovered from visual input without disparity information. Yet, no imaging study has investigated the role of disparity on action observation. Here, we investigated the interaction between disparity and the main cues of biological motion, kinematics and configuration, in two fMRI experiments. Stimuli were(More)
We studied five patients with multiple sclerosis with one plaque of demyelination more than 2 cm in diameter, using conventional and diffusion-weighted MRI, soon after the onset of symptoms and over 1-36 months. The orientationally averaged diffusion coefficient <D> was increased in all the acute lesions, and increased further during follow-up in three.(More)
Echo-planar imaging is the most widely used imaging sequence for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) due to its fast acquisition. However, it is prone to local distortions, image blurring, and signal voids. As these effects scale with echo train length and field strength, it is essential for high-resolution echo-planar imaging at ultrahigh field to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Persistently hypointense lesions on T1-weighted MR images have been shown to correlate with the amount of axonal damage and clinical disability in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether diffusion coefficient D(av) and fractional anisotropy (FA) are able to detect quantifiable differences(More)
The aim of this study was to use quantitative magnetisation transfer (MT) imaging to assess the different pathological substrates of tissue damage in multiple sclerosis (MS) and examine whether the MT parameters may be used to explain the disability in relapsing remitting (RR) MS. Thirteen patients with RRMS and 14 healthy controls were prescribed(More)
Introduction: High resolution diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and therefore fiber tractography is a challenge at ultra-high field strength. With higher field strength and resolution, susceptibility effects and T2* decay cause increased distortions, drop-outs and image degradation of single-shot EPI (ss-EPI) acquisitions. Parallel imaging can be used to(More)
This paper describes the state of the art of tractography, a technique which enables the virtual reconstruction of axon bundles of the central nervous system using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images. This technique has raised enthusiasm and expectations among specialists because it is the only non-invasive method for studying the three-dimensional(More)
To study the sensitivity of intermolecular double quantum coherences (iDQc) imaging contrast to brain microstructure and brain anisotropy, we investigated the iDQC contrast between differently structured areas of the brain according to the strength and the direction of the applied correlation gradient. Thus diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and diffusion(More)
This article describes a novel approach for local estimation of the radial diffusion coefficient (D(perpendicular)) in white matter (WM) regions containing well-oriented nervous fibers. The method is based on the assumption that the diffusion process in well-organized WM regions responds to a cylindrical symmetry. The increased precision in the estimation(More)