Learn More
The literature on hepatitis B virus (HBV) in immunocompromised patients is heterogeneous and referred mainly to the pre-antivirals era. Today a rational approach to the problem of hepatitis B in these patients provides for: (a) the evaluation of HBV markers and of liver condition in all subjects starting immunosuppressive therapies (baseline), (b) the(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has a detrimental role on patient and graft survival after renal transplantation (RT). Some studies have also implicated HCV in the development of post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM). We conducted a systematic review of the published medical literature of the relationship between anti-HCV seropositive status and DM(More)
Cryoglobulinemia is a pathological condition characterized by the presence in the blood of a group of proteins (cryoglobulins) showing the common property of precipitating from cooled serum. Mixed cryoglobulins (MCs) are composed of a polyclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) bound to another immunoglobulin that acts as an anti-IgG rheumatoid factor; 2 types of MCs(More)
BACKGROUND Patients on maintenance dialysis typically show a suboptimal immune response to hepatitis B virus vaccine compared with the non-uraemic population. A variety of inherited or acquired factors have been implicated in this diminished response. Age-associated changes in immune status may contribute to decreased vaccine efficacy in older individuals(More)
The natural history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) among patients after renal transplantation (RT) remains incompletely defined. We conducted a systematic review of the published medical literature on the impact of hepatitis C antibody status on survival of patients who received RT. We used the random effects model of DerSimonian and Laird to generate a summary(More)
A number of reports on dialysis and transplantation for diabetic patients in the UK and USA are available. The aim of the present survey was to assess the prevalence, main characteristics and complications of diabetic patients treated by dialysis and transplantation in Italy. On 31 December 1987 in Italy, 1605 diabetic patients were being treated by(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains frequent in patients on renal replacement therapy and has an adverse impact on survival in infected patients on chronic hemodialysis as well as renal transplant (RT) recipients. Nosocomial spread of HCV within dialysis units continues to occur. HCV is also implicated in the pathogenesis of renal dysfunction often(More)
INTRODUCTION Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been associated with a large spectrum of glomerular lesions in both native and transplanted kidneys. The most common HCV-associated renal disease is type I membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis usually, but not invariably, in the context of type II mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC). HCV infection is also the(More)
BACKGROUND The hepatorenal syndrome is a severe and well-known complication of end-stage liver disease, but its management is controversial. Recent reports have shown the efficacy of terlipressin therapy, a vasopressin analogue, in hepatorenal syndrome patients. AIM To evaluate the efficacy and safety of terlipressin in the treatment of hepatorenal(More)