Fabrizio De Rita

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There is no reliable published data on the overall prevalence or incidence of heart failure (HF) in children. However, the success of mechanical circulatory support (MCS) in management of HF has raised the prospect of a previously unavailable treatment modality. Orthotopic heart transplant (OHTx) remains the gold standard treatment, but the number of(More)
OBJECTIVES The Berlin Heart EXCOR® (EXCOR) paediatric ventricular assist device is used worldwide for mechanical support of infants and small children with end-stage heart failure. A clinically important gap between the smallest EXCOR blood pump (10 ml) and the next larger size (25 ml) limited the choice of pump size in patients with a body surface area(More)
BACKGROUND Double-outlet left ventricle (DOLV) is an extremely rare type of ventriculoarterial connection, mostly reported anecdotally with wide variations in morphology, surgical strategy and clinical outcome. The aim of the present study was to define current morbidity and mortality of biventricular repair and discuss surgical management in infancy. (More)
A 16-year old girl experiencing palpitations underwent elective transthoracic echocardiographic examination at a nearby clinic, which showed a 3-cm balloon-like, cystic structure, with inhomogeneous content, adherent to the atrial septum and anchored above the anteroseptal commissure of the tricuspid valve without evidence of flow from the aorta to the(More)
OBJECTIVES Plasma concentration of procalcitonin (PCT) and its value in the diagnosis of infection in paediatric patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are undefined. This study aimed to define the levels of PCT and C-reactive protein (CRP) in paediatric cardiac ECMO patients and to determine their role in predicting infection,(More)
Previous investigations have shown that the signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) signaling pathway play an important role in the modulation of apoptosis after ischemia and reperfusion. The mechanism for this enhanced cardioprotection is unknown, but we believe that alterations STATs may play a role. To investigate this hypothesis, we(More)
OBJECTIVES Mechanical cardiac support (MCS) can successfully be applied as a bridging strategy for heart transplantation (OHTx) in children with life-threatening heart failure. Emergent use of MCS is often required before establishing the likelihood of OHTx. This can require bridge-to-bridge strategies to increase survival on the waiting list. We compared(More)
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) to manage acute antiarrhythmic drugs toxicity in neonates has never been reported. Here presented is a case of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in a newborn with refractory low cardiac output as a result of acute Ca-channel and β-receptor antagonist toxicity for treatment of paroxysmal(More)
Cardioplegic arrest is a model of ischemia/reperfusion injury and results in the death of irreplaceable cardiac myocytes by a programmed cell death or apoptosis. Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) signaling pathways play an important role in the modulation of apoptosis after ischemia and reperfusion. Angiotensin II type 1 (AT1)(More)
With and increasing number of early survivors after the palliation of the single ventricle physiology there is a burgeoning Fontan population worldwide that will pose unique challenges because of the inevitable sequelae related to the absence of the alleged "needless" sub-pulmonic ventricle. The increasing number and older-age single-ventricle patients(More)