Fabrizio Caldara

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Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been shown to exert multiple actions on neurons. It plays a role in neuronal growth and maintenance and use-dependent plasticity, such as long-term potentiation and learning. This neurotrophin is believed to regulate neuronal plasticity by modifying neuronal excitability and morphology. There is experimental(More)
BACKGROUND Inspiratory resistive breathing (IRB) challenges affect respiratory muscle endurance in healthy individuals, which is considered to be an interleukin 6 (IL-6)-dependent mechanism. Whether nonpharmacological thermal therapies promote the endurance of loaded inspiratory muscles in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unclear. The(More)
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