Fabricio E Balcazar

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We described the development and psychometric properties of the Community Living Attitudes Scale, Mental Retardation Form (CLAS-MR), a 40-item measure based on the input of self-advocates and focused on contemporary community living philosophies. The CLAS-MR, which consists of four subscales that tap attitudes about people with mental retardation,(More)
Attitudes of 340 staff members in 120 community living programs for people with mental retardation, mental illness, and dual diagnosis and a comparison sample of 152 community members were assessed using the Community Living Attitudes Scale, a measure of attitudes toward inclusion. Results showed that community agency supervisory and managerial staff held(More)
PURPOSE To describe the development of a conceptual framework for cultural competence that could help and guide the training of rehabilitation practitioners, students and researchers. METHOD A systematic review of the literature yielded 259 usable documents that were further reviewed by two independent readers to identify 32 publications that described(More)
When people with disabilities, ethnic minorities, older adults, women, and others lack power, they usually experience adverse conditions disproportionate to other members of society. Empowerment--the process by which people gain some control over valued events, outcomes, and resources--is an important construct for understanding and improving the lives of(More)
Community psychologists have called for research on human diversity and interactions between individuals and society with a focus on oppression. This study examines learning disabilities as they co-occur with other sociopolitical minority statuses. We examined dominant cultural narratives of and individual responses to learning disability, race/ethnicity(More)
Occupational therapists confront issues of cultural diversity more than ever before because of the increased number of clients seen in their professional practice who are of differing racial or cultural backgrounds. In this study, we examine perceived cultural competence in a sample of 477 occupational therapists. The study's results indicate that among the(More)
Measures of staff members' knowledge (N = 518) of the values of community inclusion, perception of agency adherence to community inclusion, and satisfaction with relevant components of their jobs were developed. Staff represented 130 agencies in a state-wide program of individualized community living supports for adults with developmental and/or mental(More)
Europe is in the process of building a more participative, just, and inclusive European Union. The European Social Fund, which is an initiative developed to actively promote multinational partnerships that address pressing social issues, is a good example of the European transformation. This article describes the steps taken to develop and evaluate the(More)
We compared the inclusion-related attitudes of community agency staff in the United States and Israel. Samples of 147 (United States) and 74 (Israel) staff members were assessed with the Community Living Attitudes Scale (CLAS). Results showed that higher educational levels, regardless of nation, were associated with higher Empowerment scores, lower(More)
People from around the globe rely on the Internet for daily use in a variety of ways from downloading information and staying connected with friends and family to collecting data for research purposes. Although the authors have seen rapid growth in access to the Internet among multicultural populations, some groups are still far behind. In particular, those(More)