Fabricio E. Balcazar

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We described the development and psychometric properties of the Community Living Attitudes Scale, Mental Retardation Form (CLAS-MR), a 40-item measure based on the input of self-advocates and focused on contemporary community living philosophies. The CLAS-MR, which consists of four subscales that tap attitudes about people with mental retardation,(More)
We compared the inclusion-related attitudes of community agency staff in the United States and Israel. Samples of 147 (United States) and 74 (Israel) staff members were assessed with the Community Living Attitudes Scale (CLAS). Results showed that higher educational levels, regardless of nation, were associated with higher Empowerment scores, lower(More)
Community psychologists have called for research on human diversity and interactions between individuals and society with a focus on oppression. This study examines learning disabilities as they co-occur with other sociopolitical minority statuses. We examined dominant cultural narratives of and individual responses to learning disability, race/ethnicity(More)
People from around the globe rely on the Internet for daily use in a variety of ways from downloading information and staying connected with friends and family to collecting data for research purposes. Although the authors have seen rapid growth in access to the Internet among multicultural populations, some groups are still far behind. In particular, those(More)
When people with disabilities, ethnic minorities, older adults, women, and others lack power, they usually experience adverse conditions disproportionate to other members of society. Empowerment--the process by which people gain some control over valued events, outcomes, and resources--is an important construct for understanding and improving the lives of(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine differences in employment outcomes among Hispanics and Caucasians with Spinal Cord Injuries at one year post-injury. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Longitudinal dataset of the SCI Model Systems. PARTICIPANTS 11,424 Individuals diagnosed with spinal cord injury (1369 Hispanics and 10055 Caucasians) that were enrolled in the(More)
Attitudes of 340 staff members in 120 community living programs for people with mental retardation, mental illness, and dual diagnosis and a comparison sample of 152 community members were assessed using the Community Living Attitudes Scale, a measure of attitudes toward inclusion. Results showed that community agency supervisory and managerial staff held(More)
Members of an advocacy organization for people with physical disabilities were trained to identify and report issues at group meetings. In addition, two consecutive chairpersons were trained to conduct action-oriented meetings. Measures of group members' activities outside meetings and related outcomes on identified issues were also collected. Results(More)
We proposed a taxonomy of advocate development in the field of developmental disabilities derived from the systematic evaluation of a Partners in Policymaking program. Three developmental stages evolved: beginner, involved, and activist. Self-reports of advocacy actions and outcomes were collected from 3 participants with disabilities and 21 parents before(More)
This study identified effective strategies to promote employment outcomes for individuals with disabilities (consumers) from diverse cultural backgrounds. Twenty-one vocational rehabilitation counselors participated in semistructured interviews. Data revealed 5 major themes: (a) implementing an empowerment approach to case management; (b) establishing(More)