Fabrice Wendling

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This paper focuses on high-frequency (gamma band) EEG activity, the most characteristic electrophysiological pattern in focal seizures of human epilepsy. It starts with recent hypotheses about: (i) the behaviour of inhibitory interneurons in hippocampal or neocortical networks in the generation of gamma frequency oscillations; (ii) the nonuniform alteration(More)
In the field of epilepsy, the analysis of stereoelectroencephalographic (SEEG, intra-cerebral recording) signals with signal processing methods can help to better identify the epileptogenic zone, the area of the brain responsible for triggering seizures, and to better understand its organization. In order to evaluate these methods and to physiologically(More)
PURPOSE To analyze and compare spectral properties and interdependencies of intracerebral EEG signals recorded during interictal periods from mesial temporal lobe structures in two groups of epileptic patients defined according to the involvement of these structures in the epileptogenic zone (EZ). METHODS Interictal EEG activity in mesial temporal lobe(More)
The identification of brain regions generating seizures ('epileptogenic zone', EZ) in patients with refractory partial epilepsy is crucial prior to surgery. During pre-surgical evaluation, this identification can be performed from the analysis of intracerebral EEG. In particular, the presence of high-frequency oscillations, often referred to as 'rapid(More)
In human partial epilepsies and in experimental models of chronic and/or acute epilepsy, the role of inhibition and the relationship between the inhibition and excitation and epileptogenesis has long been questioned. Besides experimental methods carried out either in vitro (human or animal tissue) or in vivo (animals), pathophysiologic mechanisms can be(More)
Low-voltage rapid discharges (or fast EEG ictal activity) constitute a characteristic electrophysiological pattern in focal seizures of human epilepsy. They are characterized by a decrease of signal voltage with a marked increase of signal frequency (typically beyond 25 Hz). They have long been observed in stereoelectroencephalographic (SEEG) signals(More)
PURPOSE We recorded with intracerebral electrodes the onset of limbic seizures in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) to identify the dynamic interactions between the hippocampus (HIP), amygdala (AMY) and entorhinal cortex (EC). METHODS Interactions were quantified by analyzing the interdependencies between stereo-electroencephalographic(More)
This paper presents a neurophysiologically relevant model in which vectorial epileptiform electroencephalographic (EEG) signals are produced from multiple coupled neural populations. This model is used to evaluate the performances of non-linear regression analysis as a method to characterize couplings between neural populations from EEG signals they(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyze interictal High frequency oscillations (HFOs) as observed in the medial temporal lobe of epileptic patients and animals (ripples, 80-200Hz and fast ripples, 250-600Hz). To show that the identification of interictal HFOs raises some methodological issues, as the filtering of sharp transients (e.g., epileptic spikes or artefacts) or(More)
Transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) is a noninvasive brain stimulation technique that has been successfully applied for modulation of cortical excitability. tDCS is capable of inducing changes in neuronal membrane potentials in a polarity-dependent manner. When tDCS is of sufficient length, synaptically driven after-effects are induced. The(More)