Fabrice Viviani

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Many drugs inhibit the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG) cardiac K+ channel. This leads to action potential prolongation on the cellular level, a prolongation of the QT interval on the electrocardiogram, and sometimes cardiac arrhythmia. To date, no activators of this channel have been reported. Here, we describe the in vitro electrophysiological(More)
During the biosynthesis of fungal melanin, tetrahydroxynaphthalene reductase catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of 1,3,6,8-tetrahydroxynaphthalene (T4HN) into (+)-scytalone and 1,3,8-trihydroxynaphthalene into (-)-vermelone. The enzyme from Magnaporthe grisea, the fungus responsible for rice blast disease, has been purified to homogeneity. It is a(More)
In some bacteria, such as Escherichia coli, the addition of L-glutamate to dihydropteroate (dihydrofolate synthetase activity) and the subsequent additions of L-glutamate to tetrahydrofolate (folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS) activity) are catalyzed by the same enzyme, FolC. The crystal structure of E. coli FolC is described in this paper. It showed(More)
BACKGROUND Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder involving marked immunological changes. IL-17-targeting biologics have been successful in reducing the disease burden of psoriasis patients with moderate-to-severe disease. Unfortunately, the stratum corneum prevents penetration of large molecule weight proteins, including monoclonal antibodies.(More)
Tapinarof (GSK2894512) is a naturally derived topical treatment with demonstrated efficacy for patients with psoriasis and atopic dermatitis, although the biologic target and mechanism of action had been unknown. We demonstrate that the anti-inflammatory properties of tapinarof are mediated through activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). We show(More)
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