Fabrice Rappaport

Learn More
The mechanism of charge recombination of the S(2)Q(A)(-) state in photosystem II was investigated by modifying the free energy gap between the quinone acceptor Q(A) and the primary pheophytin acceptor Ph. This was done either by changing the midpoint potential of Ph (using mutants of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis with a modified hydrogen bond to this(More)
The energetic metabolism of photosynthetic organisms is profoundly influenced by state transitions and cyclic electron flow around photosystem I. The former involve a reversible redistribution of the light-harvesting antenna between photosystem I and photosystem II and optimize light energy utilization in photosynthesis whereas the latter process modulates(More)
Recent progress in two-dimensional and three-dimensional electron and X-ray crystallography of Photosystem II (PSII) core complexes has led to major advances in the structural definition of this integral membrane protein complex. Despite the overall structural and kinetic similarity of the PSII reaction centers to their purple non-sulfur photosynthetic(More)
Photosynthesis is the biological process that feeds the biosphere with reduced carbon. The assimilation of CO2 requires the fine tuning of two co-existing functional modes: linear electron flow, which provides NADPH and ATP, and cyclic electron flow, which only sustains ATP synthesis. Although the importance of this fine tuning is appreciated, its mechanism(More)
Site-directed mutations were introduced to replace D1-His198 and D2-His197 of the D1 and D2 polypeptides, respectively, of the photosystem II (PSII) reaction center of Synechocystis PCC 6803. These residues coordinate chlorophylls P(A) and P(B) which are homologous to the special pair Bchlorophylls of the bacterial reaction centers that are coordinated(More)
To investigate a possible coupling between P680+ reduction and hydrogen transfer, we studied the effects of H2O/D2O exchange on the P680+ reduction kinetics in the nano- and microsecond domains. We concentrated on studying the period-4 oscillatory (i.e., S-state-related) part of the reduction kinetics, by analyzing the differences between the P680+(More)
In photosynthetic chains, the kinetics of fluorescence yield depends on the photochemical rates at the level of both Photosystem I and II and thus on the absorption cross section of the photosynthetic units as well as on the coupling between light harvesting complexes and photosynthetic traps. A new set-up is described which, at variance with the commonly(More)
Plastocyanin is a soluble copper-containing protein present in the thylakoid lumen, which transfers electrons to photosystem I. In the chloroplast of the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana, a cytochrome c6-like protein is present, which was recently suggested to function as an alternative electron carrier to plastocyanin. We show that Arabidopsis plants(More)
The energy-converting redox enzymes perform productive reactions efficiently despite the involvement of high energy intermediates in their catalytic cycles. This is achieved by kinetic control: with forward reactions being faster than competing, energy-wasteful reactions. This requires appropriate cofactor spacing, driving forces and reorganizational(More)
The PsaF polypeptide of photosystem I (PSI) is located on the lumen side of the thylakoid membrane and its precise role is not yet fully understood. Here we describe the isolation of a psaF-deficient mutant of the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii generated by co-transforming the nuclear genome of the cw15-arg7A strain with two plasmids: one harboring a(More)