Fabrice Pernet

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BACKGROUND Dietary exposure to the cyanotoxin BMAA is suspected to be the cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the Western Pacific Islands. In Europe and North America, this toxin has been identified in the marine environment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis clusters but, to date, only few dietary exposures have been described. OBJECTIVES We aimed at(More)
We compared lipid dynamics and the physiological responses of blue mussels Mytilus edulis, a cold-adapted species, and oysters Crassostrea virginica, a warmer-water species, during simulated overwintering and passage to spring conditions. To simulate overwintering, animals were held at 0 degrees C, 4 degrees C and 9 degrees C for 3 months and then gradually(More)
A temperature decrease usually induces an ordering effect in membrane phospholipids, which can lead to membrane dysfunction. Poikilotherms inhabiting eurythermal environments typically counteract this temperature effect by remodeling membrane lipids as stipulated in the homeoviscous adaptation theory (HVA). Hard clams, Mercenaria mercenaria, can suffer high(More)
OBJECTIVES Titanium is widely used in contemporary endosseous implantology and there is considerable thrust to further promote osseointegration by implant surface modifications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a titanium-nitride-oxide (TiNOx) coating on commercially pure microroughened titanium by assessing the proliferation and(More)
We tested two hypotheses in this study: first, that intraspecific growth variations in a marine bivalve are correlated with physiological (basal metabolic rate and scope for growth) and biochemical (membrane lipids) characteristics, and, second, that this bivalve shows intraspecific variations in physiological and biochemical adaptations to temperature. To(More)
Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas suffers from chronic or sporadic mortality outbreaks worldwide, resulting from infectious diseases and/or physiological disorders triggered by environmental factors. Since 2008, ostreid herpesvirus OsHV-1 μVar has been identified as the main agent responsible for mass mortality of juvenile oysters in Europe. Previous studies(More)
We considered Cushing's match/mismatch theory in a heterotrophic environment and hypothesized that settlement and recruitment success in blue mussel are higher when the food supply is rich in polyunsaturated and essential fatty acids (PUFA/EFA). To test this hypothesis, we monitored larval development as well as fatty acid composition in trophic resources(More)
To ensure complete lipid extraction of algal samples collected on glass fiber filters, one must facilitate the access of extracting solvent to the lipids by using ultrasonication, grinding, or a combination of these two methods. This study examines the effect of these three treatments, in combination with storage time and sampling volumes, on the(More)
The lipid composition of somatic and reproductive tissues was determined for female skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis caught in the western Indian Ocean between latitude 10° N and 20° S and longitude 40° and 70° E. The highest total lipid (TL) contents were in the liver and gonads, with white muscle levels approximately three-fold lower. Three lipid classes(More)
The bivalve’s aquaculture industry is an important component of the economy in Eastern Canada. Seed collection is an initial and critical activity in most bivalve aquaculture industries including mussel farming in Prince Edward Island, production is entirely dependent on natural spat collection. Although seed supply is not a concern from a quantitative(More)