Fabrice Lemaître

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Dominant tolerance is mediated by regulatory T cells (T(reg)) that control harmful autoimmune T cells in the periphery. In this study, we investigate the implication of T(reg) in modulating infiltrating T lymphocytes in human metastatic melanoma. We found that CD4(+)CD25(high) T cells are overrepresented in metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) with a 2-fold(More)
CTLs have the potential to attack tumors, and adoptive transfer of CTLs can lead to tumor regression in mouse models and human clinical settings. However, the dynamics of tumor cell elimination during efficient T cell therapy is unknown, and it is unclear whether CTLs act directly by destroying tumor cells or indirectly by initiating the recruitment of(More)
T cells interact with dendritic cells (DCs) for periods lasting from minutes to hours. However, a causal link between the duration of this interaction and the efficiency of T cell activation has not been established in vivo. Employing intravital two-photon imaging, we manipulated T cell-DC interactions in real time and found that the first T cell-DC(More)
HIV controllers are rare individuals who spontaneously control HIV replication in the absence of antiretroviral treatment. Emerging evidence indicates that HIV control is mediated through very active cellular immune responses, though how such responses can persist over time without immune exhaustion is not yet understood. To investigate the nature of memory(More)
The number of antigen-specific naive CD8(+) T cells is believed to be important in the shaping of adaptive immune responses, and is predictive for the magnitude of priming responses in mouse models. Because of extremely low precursor frequencies, knowledge about these cells comes from indirect techniques and estimations. Here, we present a strategy based on(More)
Transcription factors orchestrate T-lineage differentiation in the thymus. One critical checkpoint involves Notch1 signaling that instructs T-cell commitment at the expense of the B-lineage program. While GATA-3 is required for T-cell specification, its mechanism of action is poorly understood. We show that GATA-3 works in concert with Notch1 to commit(More)
Therapeutic intravesical instillation of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is effective at triggering inflammation and eliciting successful tumor immunity in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, with 50 to 70% clinical response. Therapeutic success relies on repeated instillations of live BCG administered as adjuvant therapy shortly after tumor(More)
Upon antigen recognition, T cells form either static (synapses) or migratory (kinapses) contacts with antigen-presenting cells. Addressing whether synapses and kinapses result in distinct T cell receptor (TCR) signals has been hampered by the inability to simultaneously assess T cell phenotype and behavior. Here, we introduced dynamic in situ cytometry(More)
Although regulatory T cells (T(regs)) are known to suppress self-reactive autoimmune responses, their role during T cell responses to nonself antigens is not well understood. We show that T(regs) play a critical role during the priming of immune responses in mice. T(reg) depletion induced the activation and expansion of a population of low-avidity CD8(+) T(More)
CD8(+) T cell responses generate effector cells endowed with distinct functional potentials but the contribution of early events in this process is unclear. Here, we have imaged T cells expressing a fluorescent reporter for the activation of the interferon-γ (IFN-γ) locus during priming in lymph nodes. We have demonstrated marked differences in the(More)