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Alignment of 15 vertebrate alpha1,3-fucosyltransferases revealed one arginine conserved in all the enzymes employing exclusively type 2 acceptor substrates. At the equivalent position, a tryptophan was found in FUT3-encoded Lewis alpha1,3/1,4-fucosyltransferase (Fuc-TIII) and FUT5-encoded alpha1,3/1,4-fucosyltransferase, the only fucosyltransferases that(More)
In the animal kingdom the enzymes that catalyze the formation of alpha1,4 fucosylated-glycoconjugates are known only in apes (chimpanzee) and humans. They are encoded by FUT3 and FUT5 genes, two members of the Lewis FUT5-FUT3-FUT6 gene cluster, which had originated by duplications of an alpha3 ancestor gene. In order to explore more precisely the emergence(More)
All vertebrate alpha3- and alpha3/4-FUTs possess the characteristic acceptor-binding motif VxxHH(W/R)(D/E). FUT6 and FUTb enzymes, harboring R in the acceptor-binding motif, transfer fucose in alpha1,3 linkage, whereas FUT3 and FUT5 enzymes with W at the candidate position can also transfer fucose in alpha1,4 linkage-FUT3 being more efficient than FUT5. To(More)
The fucosyltransferase gene family encodes enzymes that transfer fucose in alpha 1,2, alpha 1,3/4 and alpha 1,6 linkages on a large variety of glycans. The most ancient genes harbour a split coding sequence, and encode enzyme that transfer fucose at or near O- and N-peptidic sites (serine, threonine or chitobiose unit). Conversely, the more recent genes(More)
Based on PCR strategies and expression studies, we define the genomic organization of the FUT8b gene. This gene encodes the only known mammalian enzyme transferring fucose in an alpha1-->6 linkage on the asparagine-branched GlcNAc residue of the chitobiose unit of complex N:-glycans. The intron/exon organization of the bovine coding sequence determines five(More)
O-Fucosylation is a post-translational glycosylation in which an O-fucose is covalently attached to the hydroxyl group of a specific serine or threonine residue. This modification occurs within the consensus sequence C2X(4-5)(S/T)C3 present on epidermal growth factor-like repeats of several proteins, including the Notch receptors and their ligands. The(More)
O-Fucose has been described on both epidermal growth factor-like (EGF-like) repeats and Thrombospondin type 1 repeats (TSRs). The enzyme adding fucose to EGF-like repeats, protein O-fucosyltransferase 1 (Pofut1), is a soluble protein located in the lumen of endoplasmic reticulum (ER). A second protein O-fucosyltransferase, Pofut2, quite divergent from its(More)
Myogenesis is initiated by myoblast differentiation and fusion to form myotubes and muscle fibres. A population of myoblasts, known as satellite cells, is responsible for post-natal growth of muscle and for its regeneration. This differentiation requires many changes in cell behaviour and its surrounding environment. These modifications are tightly(More)
BACKGROUND Several global transcriptomic and proteomic approaches have been applied in order to obtain new molecular insights on skeletal myogenesis, but none has generated any specific data on glycogenome expression, and thus on the role of glycan structures in this process, despite the involvement of glycoconjugates in various biological events including(More)