Fabrice Bertrand

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The stimulation of 5-HT1A receptors in the raphe or their blockade in the hippocampus can reduce cognitive deficits induced by blockade of muscarinic receptors in the hippocampus. We investigated the effects of MDL 73005 (8-[2-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-2-ylmethylamino) ethyl]-8-azaspiro[4,5] decane-7,9-dione methyl sulphonate), an agonist at 5-HT1A(More)
Adult male Long-Evans rats were subjected to bilateral lesions of the cholinergic neurons in the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) by injection of 0.2 or 0.4 microg 192-IgG-saporin in 0.4 microl phosphate-buffered saline. Control rats received an equivalent amount of phosphate-buffered saline. Starting 2 weeks after surgery, all rats were tested for(More)
Sex hormones may exert neuroprotective effects in various models of brain lesions. Male and female Long-Evans rats were subjected to intracerebroventricular injections of 2 microg 192 IgG-saporin or vehicle. Starting 2 days before surgery, half the male rats were treated with estradiol for 7 days. Three weeks after surgery, they were sacrificed for(More)
RATIONALE In rats, 5-HT(1A) receptors are present in the septal region, e.g. on cholinergic neurons of the medial septum, where they might be a substrate for cognitively relevant interactions between cholinergic and serotonergic systems. OBJECTIVE The present experiment assessed the effects of the stimulation of septal 5-HT(1A) receptors on spatial(More)
Adult Long-Evans male rats sustained injections of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine into the fimbria-fornix (2.5 microg/side) and the cingular bundle (1.5 microg/side) and/or to intraseptal injections of 192 IgG-saporin (0.4 microg/side) in order to deprive the hippocampus of its serotonergic and cholinergic innervations, respectively. Sham-operated rats were used(More)
Results of the preceding paper32 suggest that bulbo-pontine respiration related units (RRU) could be classed into 4 populations according to the relation of their peak firing frequency to the respiratory cycle: one inspiratory (I) and 3 expiratory (E) (early, mid and late). A further study of their spatial distribution is reported. Recorded units totalling(More)
In a previous experiment [Eur J Neurosci 12 (2000) 79], combined intracerebroventricular injections of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT; 150 microg) and 192 IgG-saporin (2 microg) in female rats produced working memory impairments, which neither single lesion induced. In the present experiment, we report on an identical approach in male rats. Behavioral(More)
In the rat, 5-HT1A receptors are found on medial septal cholinergic neurons. The effects of intraseptal infusions of the 5-HT1A receptor agonist 8-OH-DPAT (8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propyl-amino)-tertralin) were assessed on reference memory performances in a water maze. Compared with vehicle infusions, 0.5 and 4 microg of 8-OH-DPAT significantly impaired (but did(More)
Ventilation was monitored in awake and anesthetized cats breathing air or CO2 mixtures, both before and after lesions in the pneumotaxic center region and after subsequent bilateral vagotomy. Cats with pontile lesions had, relative to intact state, a prolonged inspiratory duration and an increase in tidal volume and expiration duration. The changes seen on(More)
It has been observed previously that the successive values of depth and duration of respiratory cycles recorded in man are not independent random variable. The present study has been performed in order to test whether a serial dependence of the characteristics of the respiratory cycles results from an inherent property of the central respiratory oscillator.(More)