Fabrice A. Kolb

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Dicer is a multidomain ribonuclease that processes double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs) to 21 nt small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) during RNA interference, and excises microRNAs from precursor hairpins. Dicer contains two domains related to the bacterial dsRNA-specific endonuclease, RNase III, which is known to function as a homodimer. Based on an X-ray structure of(More)
Dicer is a multi-domain RNase III-related endonuclease responsible for processing double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) to small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) during a process of RNA interference (RNAi). It also catalyses excision of the regulatory microRNAs from their precursors. In this work, we describe the purification and properties of a recombinant human Dicer. The(More)
PAZ PIWI domain (PPD) proteins, together with the RNA cleavage products of Dicer, form ribonucleoprotein complexes called RNA-induced silencing complexes (RISCs). RISCs mediate gene silencing through targeted messenger RNA cleavage and translational suppression. The PAZ domains of PPD and Dicer proteins were originally thought to mediate binding between PPD(More)
RNAIII, a 514-nt RNA molecule, regulates the expression of many Staphylococcus aureus genes encoding exoproteins and cell-wall-associated proteins. We have studied the structure of RNAIII in solution, using a combination of chemical and enzymatic probes. A model of the secondary structure was derived from experimental data with the help of computer(More)
The antisense RNA CopA binds to the leader region of the repA mRNA (target: CopT). Previous studies on CopA-CopT pairing in vitro showed that the dominant product of antisense RNA-mRNA binding is not a full RNA duplex. We have studied here the structure of CopA-CopT complex, combining chemical and enzymatic probing and computer graphic modeling. CopI, a(More)
Recent years have seen a rapid increase in our understanding of how double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) and 21- to 25-nucleotide small RNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs) and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), control gene expression in eukaryotes. This RNA-mediated regulation generally results in sequence-specific inhibition of gene expression; this can occur at levels as(More)
The antisense RNA, CopA, regulates the replication frequency of plasmid R1 through inhibition of RepA translation by rapid and specific binding to its target RNA (CopT). The stable CopA-CopT complex is characterized by a four-way junction structure and a side-by-side alignment of two long intramolecular helices. The significance of this structure for(More)
Microarrays to examine the global expression levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) in a systematic in-parallel manner have become important tools to help unravel the functions of miRNAs and to understand their roles in RNA-based regulation and their implications in human diseases. We have established a novel miRNA-specific microarray platform that enables the(More)
Dicer is a multidomain ribonuclease that processes double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs) to 21-nt small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) during RNA interference and excises microRNAs (miRNAs) from precursor hairpins. PAZ and PIWI domain (PPD) proteins, also involved in RNAi and miRNA function, are the best-characterized proteins known to interact with Dicer. PPD proteins(More)
In several groups of bacterial plasmids, antisense RNAs regulate copy number through inhibition of replication initiator protein synthesis. These RNAs are characterized by a long hairpin structure interrupted by several unpaired residues or bulged loops. In plasmid R1, the inhibitory complex between the antisense RNA (CopA) and its target mRNA (CopT) is(More)