Fabrício Oliveira Lima

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The role of noninvasive methods in the evaluation of collateral circulation has yet to be defined. We hypothesized that a favorable pattern of leptomeningeal collaterals, as identified by CT angiography, correlates with improved outcomes. METHODS Data from a prospective cohort study at 2 university-based hospitals where CT(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Because of a shortage of stroke specialists, many outlying or "spoke" hospitals initiate intravenous (IV) thrombolysis using telemedicine or telephone consultation before transferring patients to a regional stroke center (RSC) hub. We analyzed complications and outcomes of patients treated with IV tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 25% of ischemic stroke patients awaken with neurological deficits. In these patients, in whom the time from symptom onset is uncertain, brain imaging is a potential strategy to characterize the ischemia duration and the presence of salvageable brain tissue. METHODS We prospectively evaluated consecutive patients with acute(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Early assessment of the likelihood of neurological recovery in comatose cardiac arrest survivors remains challenging. We hypothesize that quantitative noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) combined with neurological assessments, are predictive of outcome. METHODS We analyzed data sets acquired from comatose cardiac arrest patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Concerns have recently grown regarding the safety of iodinated contrast agents used for CTA and CTP imaging. We tested whether the incidence of AN, defined by a >or=25% increase in the post-contrast scan creatinine level, was higher among patients with ischemic stroke who underwent a functional contrast-enhanced CT protocol compared(More)
REVIEW Mild therapeautic hypothermia (MTH) has been associated with cardiac dysrhythmias, coagulopathy and infection. After restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), many cardiac arrest patients undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The safety and feasibility of combined MTH and PCI remains unclear. This is the first study to evaluate(More)
OBJECTIVE Animal models of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) exhibit abnormal vascular reactivity. We determined whether vascular reactivity, measured by transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD), is reduced in humans with CAA. METHODS Cases were recruited from an established prospective study of CAA. Healthy controls were recruited from a study of normal(More)
Gene frequencies of several red cell and serum gentic markers were determined in the three main racial groups--whites, mulattoes and Negroes--of the Cuban population. The results were used to estimate the relative contribution of Caucasian and Negro genes to the genetic makeup of these three groups and to calculate the frequencies of these genes in the(More)
OBJECTIVE White matter hyperintensity (WMH) may be a marker of an underlying cerebral microangiopathy. Therefore, we hypothesized that WMH would be most severe in patients with lacunar stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), 2 types of stroke in which cerebral small vessel (SV) changes are pathophysiologically relevant. METHODS We determined WMH volume(More)
IMPORTANCE Limited data exist regarding the natural history of proximal intracranial arterial occlusions. OBJECTIVE To investigate the outcomes of patients who had an acute ischemic stroke attributed to an anterior circulation proximal intracranial arterial occlusion. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A prospective cohort study at 2 university-based(More)