Fabrício Figueiró

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Multimodal combinations of target agents with radiation and chemotherapy may enhance cancer treatment efficacy; however, despite these treatments, gliomas recur early due to their highly proliferative, infiltrative and invasive behaviors. Nanoparticles of biodegradable polymers for anticancer drug delivery have attracted intensive interest in recent years(More)
Glioblastoma is a devastating primary brain tumor resistant to conventional therapies. In this study, we tested the efficacy of combining temozolomide with curcumin, a phytochemical known to inhibit glioblastoma growth, and investigated the mechanisms involved. The data showed that synergy between curcumin and temozolomide was not achieved due to redundant(More)
CD39 and CD73 are key enzymes in the adenosine (ADO) pathway. ADO modulates pathophysiological responses of immune cells, including B cells. It has recently emerged that a subpopulation of ADO-producing CD39+CD73+ B cells has regulatory properties. Here, we define the CD39high subset of these cells as the major contributor to the regulatory network operated(More)
Bladder cancer is the second most prevalent malignancy in the genitourinary tract and remains a therapeutic challenge. In the search for new treatments, researchers have attempted to find compounds with low toxicity. With this goal in mind, Uncaria tomentosa is noteworthy because the bark and root of this species are widely used in traditional medicine and(More)
Gliomas are the most common and devastating tumors of the central nervous system. Several studies have suggested that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are promising anticancer agents. Biodegradable nanoparticulate systems have received considerable attention as potential drug delivery vehicles. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects(More)
Macrophages are involved in cancer progression. M1 macrophages have an antitumor effect, whereas M2 phenotype are associated with tumor growth. The progression of gliomas involves the participation of an inflammatory microenvironment. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) can act as pro-inflammatory signal, whereas adenosine has opposite properties. The biological(More)
The ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat and low-carbohydrate diet, used for treating refractory epilepsy in children. We have previously shown alterations in nucleotidase activities from the central nervous system and blood serum of rats submitted to different models of epilepsy. In this study we investigated the effect of KD on nucleotidase activities in the(More)
Treated glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients only survive 6 to 14months after diagnosis; therefore, the development of novel therapeutic strategies to treat gliomas remains critically necessary. Considering that phenolic compounds, like quercetin, have the potential to be used in the chemotreatment of gliomas and that some flavonoids exhibit the ability(More)
The coumarins 5-methoxy-6,7-methylenedioxycoumarin 1 5-(3-methyl-2-butenyloxy)-6,7-methylenedioxycoumarin 2 and 5-(2,3-dihydroxy-3-methylbutyloxy)-6,7-methylenedioxycoumarin 3 isolated from Pterocaulon species showed significant cytotoxicity against two glioma cells lines. Compound 1 presented IC(50) values of 34.6 μM and 31.6 μM against human (U138-MG) and(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a deadly cancer characterized by a pro-tumoral immune response. T-regulatory (Treg) lymphocytes suppress effector immune cells through cytokine secretion and the adenosinergic system. Ecto-5′-nucleotidase/CD73 plays a crucial role in Treg-mediated immunosuppression in the GBM microenvironment (GME). Methotrexate (MTX) is an(More)