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This study examined the effect of GMP in two models of depression in mice. The immobility times in the forced swimming test (FST) and in the tail suspension test (TST) were significantly reduced by GMP (dose range: 5-50 mg/kg and 5-100 mg/kg, i.p., respectively), without accompanying changes in ambulation in an open-field. I.c.v. injection of GMP (320-480(More)
We investigated whether three relevant polymorphisms (C-1562T, microsatellite -90(CA)(14-24), and Q279R) in the MMP-9 gene, or MMP-9 haplotypes, are associated with migraine and affect MMP-9 and tissue inhibitor of MMPs (TIMP)-1 levels in patients with migraine. We studied 102 healthy women (controls) and 187 women with migraine (141 without aura - MWA, and(More)
The pathogenic mechanisms involved in migraine are complex and not completely clarified. Because there is evidence for the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in migraine pathophysiology, candidate gene approaches focusing on genes affecting the endothelial function have been studied including the genes encoding endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), inducible NO(More)
Migraine is a complex neurological disorder with a clear neurogenic inflammatory component apparently including enhanced nitric oxide (NO) formation. Excessive NO amounts possibly contributing to migraine are derived from increased expression and activity of inducible NO synthase (iNOS). We tested the hypothesis that two functional, clinically relevant iNOS(More)
In this article, a group of experts in headache management of the Brazilian Headache Society developed through a consensus strategic measurements to treat a migraine attack in both the child and the adult. Particular emphasis was laid on the treatment of migraine in women, including at pregnancy, lactation and perimenstrual period.
The current study aimed to investigate differences in activity of neck flexor and extensor muscles in women with migraine considering the chronicity of their condition. Thirty-one subjects with episodic migraine, 21 with chronic migraine and 31 healthy controls participated. Surface electromyography signals were recorded bilaterally from the(More)
OBJECTIVES This cross-sectional study investigated potential differences in cervical musculature in groups of migraine headaches vs. non-headache controls. Differences in cervical muscle strength and antagonist coactivation during maximal isometric voluntary contraction (MIVC) were analyzed between individuals with migraine and non-headache subjects and(More)
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