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Translocator protein of 18 kDa (TSPO) is a highly conserved, ubiquitous protein localized in the outer mitochondrial membrane, where it is thought to play a key role in the mitochondrial transport of cholesterol, a key step in the generation of steroid hormones. However, it was first characterized as the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor because it appears(More)
NAD is an essential coenzyme involved in numerous metabolic pathways. Its principal role is in redox reactions, and as such it is not heavily "consumed" by cells. Yet a number of signaling pathways that bring about its consumption have recently emerged. This has brought about the hypothesis that the enzymes that lead to its biosynthesis may be targets for(More)
Mitochondria have been suggested to be causally linked to age-related alterations through respiratory chain dysfunction and formation of reactive oxygen species, leading to damage of mitochondrial DNA. Impaired biosynthesis of respiratory chain and ATP synthase subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes would set up a vicious cycle contributing to the aging(More)
Functional and structural changes in mitochondria are caused by the opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP) and by the mitochondrial generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). These two processes are linked in a vicious cycle that has been extensively documented in ischemia/reperfusion injuries of the heart, and the same processes(More)
The mitochondrial permeability transition (PT) - an abrupt increase permeability of the inner membrane to solutes - is a causative event in ischemia-reperfusion injury of the heart, and the focus of intense research in cardioprotection. The PT is due to opening of the PT pore (PTP), a high conductance channel that is critically regulated by a variety of(More)
Protection by ischemic preconditioning is lost in cardiomyocytes and hearts of heterozygous connexin 43 deficient (Cx43+/-) mice. Because connexin 43 (Cx43) is localized in cardiomyocyte mitochondria and mitochondrial Cx43 content is increased with ischemic preconditioning, we now tried to identify a functional defect at the level of the mitochondria in(More)
AIMS We addressed a potential mechanism of myocardial dysfunction following coronary microembolization at the level of myofibrillar proteins. METHODS AND RESULTS Anaesthetized pigs underwent intracoronary infusion of microspheres. After 6 h, the microembolized areas (MEA) had decreased systolic wall thickening to 38 +/- 7% of baseline and a 2.62 +/-(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and signaling are of major importance and regulate a number of processes in physiological conditions. A disruption in redox status regulation, however, has been associated with numerous pathological conditions. In recent years it has become increasingly clear that oxidative and reductive modifications are confined in(More)
OBJECTIVE Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an ambivalent role in cardiomyocytes: low concentrations are involved in cellular signaling, while higher concentrations contribute to cellular injury. We studied ROS formation during increases in contraction frequency in isolated cardiomyocytes. METHODS Rat ventricular cardiomyocytes were loaded with(More)
To commemorate the auspicious occasion of the 30th anniversary of IPC, leading pioneers in the field of cardioprotection gathered in Barcelona in May 2016 to review and discuss the history of IPC, its evolution to IPost and RIC, myocardial reperfusion injury as a therapeutic target, and future targets and strategies for cardioprotection. This article(More)