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Mitochondria are involved in cell death for reasons that go beyond ATP supply. A recent advance has been the discovery that mitochondria contain and release proteins that are involved in the apoptotic cascade, like cytochrome c and apoptosis inducing factor. The involvement of mitochondria in cell death, and its being cause or consequence, remain issues(More)
The occurrence and the mode of opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MTP) were investigated directly in intact cells by monitoring the fluorescence of mitochondrial entrapped calcein. When MH1C1 cells and hepatocytes were loaded with calcein AM, calcein was also present within mitochondria, because (i) its mitochondrial signal was(More)
The opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP) has been suggested to play a key role in various forms of cell death, but direct evidence in intact tissues is still lacking. We found that in the rat heart, 92% of NAD(+) glycohydrolase activity is associated with mitochondria. This activity was not modified by the addition of Triton(More)
The Ca2+-sensitive photoprotein aequorin and the new green fluorescent protein-based fluorescent Ca2+ indicators 'ratiometric-pericam' were selectively expressed in the mitochondria, cytosol and/or nucleus of spontaneously beating ventricular myocytes from neonatal rats. This combined strategy reveals that mitochondrial [Ca2+] oscillates rapidly and in(More)
Ischemia and post-ischemic reperfusion cause a wide array of functional and structural alterations of mitochondria. Although mitochondrial impairment is recognized as pivotal in determining loss of viability, the causal relationships among the various processes involved is ill defined. Nevertheless, a wide consensus exists in attributing a crucial role to(More)
The mitochondrial permeability transition pore is a high conductance channel whose opening leads to an increase of mitochondrial inner membrane permeability to solutes with molecular masses up to approximately 1500 Da. In this review we trace the rise of the permeability transition pore from the status of in vitro artifact to that of effector mechanism of(More)
The role of mitochondria as crucial participants in cell death programs is well established, yet the mechanisms responsible for the release of mitochondrial activators and the role of BCL2 family proteins in this process remain controversial. Here, we point out the limitations of current approaches used to monitor the physiological responses of mitochondria(More)
1. The relation between mitochondrial membrane potential (delta psi m) and cell function was investigated in single adult rat cardiac myocytes during anoxia and reoxygenation. delta psi m was studied by loading myocytes with JC-1 (5,5',6,6'-tetrachloro-1,1',3,3'- tetra-ethylbenzimidazolylcarbocyanine iodide), a fluorescent probe characterized by two(More)
Studies in isolated cardiac myocytes have increased our understanding of intracellular Ca2+ regulation. Because less is known about Mg2+ regulation, adult rat ventricular myocytes were loaded with the Mg(2+)-sensitive fluorescent probe mag-indo 1, and changes in intracellular Mg2+ concentration ([Mg2+]i) and cell length were examined under a variety of(More)
The fraction of total pyruvate dehydrogenase in the active, dephosphorylated form is much lower in the glucose-perfused isolated hearts of two myopathic strains of Syrian hamster (BIO 14.6 and TO-2) than in the hearts of healthy control animals (F1B). The myopathic hearts also develop significantly less pressure under these conditions. Experiments with(More)