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Patterns of methylation at lysine 4 and 27 of histone H3 have been associated with states of gene activation and repression that are developmentally regulated and are thought to underlie the establishment of lineage specific gene expression programs. Recent studies have provided fundamental insight into the problem of lineage specification by comparing(More)
The pcp2/L7 gene is characterized by its very cell type-specific expression restricted to cerebellar Purkinje cells and retinal bipolar neurons. Although remarkable progress as to the biochemical properties of the encoded protein has been made, knowledge on its physiological functions remains sparse. While characterizing a pcp2-driven transgenic strain, we(More)
Ca2+-binding proteins containing EF-hands are important constituents of intracellular signaling pathways. Recently, three new members of the Neuronal Calcium Sensor subgroup have been cloned in humans. Calsenilin interacts with presenilins, DREAM is a calcium-regulated transcriptional repressor and KChIP3 binds and modulates A-type potassium channels. Here(More)
p53 is the central regulator of cell fate following genotoxic stress and oncogene activation. Its activity is controlled by several posttranslational modifications. Originally defined as a critical layer of p53 regulation in human cell lines, p53 lysine methylation by Set7/9 (also called Setd7) was proposed to fulfill a similar function in vivo in the(More)
Work of the last decade has proven the 'one gene- one product-one function' hypothesis an oversimplification. To further unravel the emerging 'one gene-multiple products-even more functions' concept, new methods (such as subtle knock-in and tightly regulated conditional mutations) for the analysis of gene function in health and disease are required. Another(More)
JMJD3 (KDM6B) antagonizes Polycomb silencing by demethylating lysine 27 on histone H3. The interplay of methyltransferases and demethylases at this residue is thought to underlie critical cell fate transitions, and the dynamics of H3K27me3 during neurogenesis posited for JMJD3 a critical role in the acquisition of neural fate. Despite evidence of its(More)
Factors A, B and Bl have a core glycopeptide structure with an aminoglucuronyl sugar acylated with «-undecanoic, 10-methylundecanoic and «-dodecanoic acids, respectively. Some microbial transformations of glycopeptide antibiotics described in the literature4~6) have furnished derivatives difficult to obtain by means of chemical reactions. We found that(More)
Mono- and didechlorinated derivatives of the antibiotic teicoplanin, its pseudoaglycones and aglycone, and of one amide and ester of deglucoteicoplanin were prepared under selective reductive conditions. The selectivity and rate of dehalogenation were studied and compared to those of vancomycin and deglucovancomycin. The influence of the chlorine(More)
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