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The WHO categorizes pituitary tumours as typical adenomas, atypical adenomas and pituitary carcinomas, with typical adenomas constituting the major class. However, the WHO classification does not provide an accurate correlation between histopathological findings and clinical behaviour. Tumours lacking typical histological features are classified as(More)
Over 90% of cancer-related deaths in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are caused by tumor relapse and metastasis. Thus, there is an urgent need for new molecular markers that can potentiate the efficacy of the current clinical-based models of prognosis assessment. The objective of this study is to evaluate the potential significance of lactate(More)
Crooke's cell adenomas are a rare type of pituitary neoplasm. They produce adrenocorticotropic hormone causing Cushing's disease or may be endocrinologically silent. These tumors are usually invasive, may exhibit aggressive clinical behavior, and often recur with a low success of cure after reoperation and/or radiotherapy. Due to their rarity, they present(More)
Individuals harboring germ-line DICER1 mutations are predisposed to a rare cancer syndrome, the DICER1 Syndrome or pleuropulmonary blastoma-familial tumor and dysplasia syndrome [online Mendelian inheritance in man (OMIM) #601200]. In addition, specific somatic mutations in the DICER1 RNase III catalytic domain have been identified in several(More)
We report here the case of a 43-year-old woman with hyperparathyroidism, parathyroid chief cell adenoma, and massive chronic parathyroiditis. The patient was diagnosed with breast cancer and received chemotherapy 3 years before parathyroidectomy. The question can be raised whether chemotherapeutic agents may damage parathyroid cells leading to loss of(More)
Endoglin (CD105) is an accessory receptor for transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) and its expression is up-regulated in actively proliferating endothelial cells. Endoglin has been suggested as an appropriate marker for tumor-related angiogenesis and neovascularization. Several studies demonstrate the potential of endoglin in tumor diagnosis, prognosis,(More)
Temozolomide is an alkylating agent used in the treatment of gliomas and, more recently, aggressive pituitary adenomas and carcinomas. Temozolomide methylates DNA and, thereby, has antitumor effects. O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase, a DNA repair enzyme, removes the alkylating adducts that are induced by temozolomide, thereby counteracting its(More)
The idea that microvasculature might be a histopathological biomarker in the prognosis and treatment of tumors is garnering even more attention in the scientific community. The roles of neovascularity in tumor progression and metastasis, have become a hot-topic of investigation in cancer research. A number of methods of quantitatively analyzing pituitary(More)
BACKGROUND The outcome of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is still unpredictable. Even with new targeted therapies, the average progression-free survival is dismal. Markers for early detection and progression could improve disease outcome. METHODS To identify efficient and hitherto unrecognized pathogenic factors of the disease, we performed a(More)
We briefly review the characteristics of pituitary tumors associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 is an autosomal-dominant disorder most commonly characterized by tumors of the pituitary, parathyroid, endocrine-gastrointestinal tract, and pancreas. A MEDLINE search for all available publications regarding(More)