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The humoral immune response of neonates to T cell-independent type 2 (TI-2) Ags is markedly defective. We previously demonstrated that multivalent membrane Ig cross-linking, using dextran-conjugated anti-Ig Abs (anti-Ig-dextran), is an in vitro model for membrane Ig-dependent TI-2 induction of Ig secretion. In this work, we demonstrate that highly purified(More)
To better understand the role of NF-kappaB in normal B cell physiology, we used a purified population of resting B cells from p50/NF-kappa B knockout (p50-/-) mice to determine their ability to proliferate, secrete Ig, express germ-line CHRNA, and undergo Ig isotype switching in vitro in response to a number of distinct stimuli. p50-/- B cells proliferated(More)
Resting B cells stimulated with dextran-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin D (anti-IgD) antibodies (anti-Ig-dex), a model for B-cell activation in response to polysaccharide antigens, proliferate but secrete little if any Ig, unless additional stimuli are present. In order to elucidate the parameters which costimulate T-cell-independent antipolysaccharide(More)
A number of distinct functional abnormalities have been observed in B cells derived from p50/ NF-kappa B or c-rel knockout mice. RelB, another member of the NF-kappa B/Rel family of transcription factors, is expressed during the latter stages of B cell maturation and can bind to regulatory sites within the Ig heavy chain locus. Therefore, we tested the(More)
The c-rel protooncogene encodes a member of the Rel/nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB family of transcriptional factors. To assess the role of the transcriptional activation domain of c-Rel in vivo, we generated mice expressing a truncated c-Rel (Deltac-Rel) that lacks the COOH-terminal region, but retains a functional Rel homology domain. Mice with an homozygous(More)
The Ig heavy chain locus contains a number of binding sites for the transcriptional activator, c-Rel. In this study, we evaluated the capacity of B cells from mice made genetically deficient in the C-terminal, transactivation domain of the c-Rel protein (delta c-Rel) to undergo Ig class switching. Flow-cytometric and digestion circularization PCR analyses(More)
Bacterial lipoproteins share a common structural motif that has been shown to stimulate proliferation and Ig secretion of murine B cells, in a manner distinct from that mediated by LPSs. Studies of lipoprotein-mediated B cell activation utilized heterogeneous populations of lymphoid cells, leaving unresolved their ability to directly activate resting B(More)
IFN-gamma has been shown to either stimulate or inhibit Ig secretion. No studies have yet addressed the basis for these seemingly conflicting properties nor whether IFN-gamma acted directly at the level of the B cell to mediate its effects. Thus, we studied the ability of IFN-gamma to regulate Ig secretion in sort-purified, resting murine B cells that were(More)
Sort-purified resting murine B cells proliferate in response to dextran-conjugated anti-IgD Abs (alpha delta-dex) but fail to secrete significant amounts of Ig even after the addition of IL-1 + IL-2. We show that either IL-3 or granulocyte-macrophage CSF (GM-CSF) stimulates 10- to 50-fold enhancements in IgM secretion by sort-purified B cells treated with(More)
Cell therapy and bioengineering hold great promise as therapeutic approaches using cells and cell-derived factors to treat various pathologic or trauma-induced states. One possible application is the transplantation of cells into wounded tissue to help regulate tissue repair. Cells engineered for optimal wound healing may help to minimize scarring following(More)
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