Fabio Puglisi

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BACKGROUND The homeobox gene HEX is expressed in several cell types during different phases of animal development. It encodes for a protein localized in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm. During early mouse development, HEX is expressed in the primitive endoderm of blastocyst. Later, HEX is expressed in developing thyroid, liver, lung, as well as in(More)
There is growing evidence about differences in metastatic spread among breast cancer (BC) biologic subtypes (BS). Aim of this study was to analyze the pattern of metastasization according to BS and to explore the corresponding prognosis. A series of 544 consecutive patients receiving anticancer therapy for metastatic BC from 2004 to 2013, was analyzed. BS(More)
BACKGROUND Although the addition of bevacizumab significantly improves the efficacy of chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer, regulatory concerns still exist with regard to the magnitude of the benefits and the overall safety profile. METHODS A literature-based meta-analysis to quantify the magnitude of benefit and safety of adding bevacizumab to(More)
Estrogen synthesis suppression induced by aromatase inhibitors in breast cancer (BC) patients may be affected by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the gene encoding aromatase enzyme, CYP19A1. We assessed the association between plasma estrone sulfate (ES), letrozole treatment, and four SNPs of CYP19A1 gene (rs10046 C>T, rs4646 G>T, rs749292 C>T,(More)
BACKGROUND Preclinical data have indicated a synergistic interaction between docetaxel and capecitabine by means of taxane-induced up-regulation of thymidine phosphorylase (TP). On the basis of such premises, we conducted a phase II trial to determine the activity and tolerability of weekly docetaxel plus capecitabine in patients with metastatic breast(More)
Although recent models suggest that the detection of Circulating Tumor Cells (CTC) in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EM CTC) might be related to disease progression in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients, current detection methods are not efficient in identifying this subpopulation of cells. Furthermore, the possible association of EM CTC with(More)
Development of central nervous system (CNS) metastases in breast cancer (BC) is associated with poor prognosis. The incidence of CNS metastases in metastatic BC is reported to be about 10–16 %, but different subtypes of BC are associated with different risk of developing CNS metastases. We retrospectively analysed the risk of CNS metastases and the outcome(More)
The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) system includes uPA and plasminogen activator inhibitor types 1 (PAI-1) and 2 that mainly act by regulating extracellular matrix degradation, and it is involved in tumor progression. The -675 4G/5G polymorphism of the PAI-1 gene regulates PAI-1 activity in serum. We aimed at studying the -675 4G/5G polymorphism of(More)
BACKGROUND Whether addition of fluorouracil to epirubicin, cyclophosphamide, and paclitaxel (EC-P) is favourable in adjuvant treatment of patients with node-positive breast cancer is controversial, as is the benefit of increased density of dosing. We aimed to address these questions in terms of improvements in disease-free survival. METHODS In this 2 × 2(More)