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PURPOSE The efficacy and safety of combining bevacizumab (7.5 and 15 mg/kg) with docetaxel as first-line therapy for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -negative, locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer (MBC) was investigated in a three-arm, placebo-controlled, phase III trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients (N = 736) were randomly(More)
There is growing evidence about differences in metastatic spread among breast cancer (BC) biologic subtypes (BS). Aim of this study was to analyze the pattern of metastasization according to BS and to explore the corresponding prognosis. A series of 544 consecutive patients receiving anticancer therapy for metastatic BC from 2004 to 2013, was analyzed. BS(More)
BACKGROUND Bone scanning (BS), liver ultrasonography (LUS) and chest radiography (CXR) are commonly used in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer as part of baseline staging. However, in the absence of symptomatic disease, the usefulness of this routine diagnostic work-up is not evidence-based. METHODS We selected the study sample from 516(More)
The prognostic value of combined immunohistochemical analysis for the thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) and the proliferation marker MIB-1 was assessed in a consecutive series of non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC). Tumor immunoreactivity for TTF-1 and MIB-1 was classified in three groups (-,+,++) and in two groups (-,+), respectively. Comparison(More)
The accuracy of mammography, sonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in identifying residual disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is evaluated and imaging findings are correlated with pathologic findings. Fifteen patients enrolled in an experimental protocol of preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy underwent clinical examination, mammography,(More)
Treatment regimens for solid tumours have been extensively investigated for their physical toxic effects, but far less is known about the potential impairment of cognitive function by anticancer treatment regimens. Here, we review published studies that examined cognitive function in adult patients receiving systemic therapy for solid tumours. Our review(More)
It has been reported that anticancer treatment may cause cognitive impairment. Elderly patients in particular could be at increased risk for treatment-related cognitive deterioration. A consecutive series of cancer out-patients >or=65 years old were prospectively assessed by means of a neuropsychological test Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAMCOG) test at(More)
There is no optimal treatment for breast cancers lacking estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PgR) receptors in elderly women with co-morbidities that prevent use of "standard chemotherapy regimens" such as AC or CMF. The CASA trial studied pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) and low dose, metronomic cyclophosphamide + methotrexate (CM) for older (>65),(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the in vivo effect of adding gefitinib to preoperative chemotherapy on the EGFR-dependent p42/44 MAPK in operable breast cancer (BC) patients. Secondary aims: to evaluate EGFR, (p)-EGFR, Ki67, apoptotic index (TUNEL test) and VEGFR2 expression from baseline to surgery, percentage of pathologic complete response (pCR), and toxicity. (More)