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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is accompanied by neurocognitive impairment, likely mediated by injury to various brain regions. We evaluated brain morphological changes in patients with OSA and their relationship to neuropsychological and oximetric data. Sixteen patients affected by moderate-severe OSA (age: 55.8±6.7 years, 13 males) and fourteen control(More)
We compared sleep parameters in mentally retarded infantile autism (MRIA) and mentally retarded Down's syndrome (MRDS) by means of polysomnography, evaluating traditional analysis with particular attention to the phasic components in each disorder. Data were compared with those obtained in normal subjects matched for age and sex. Mental age, Intellectual(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Sleep deprivation (SD) is known to facilitate both seizures and interictal epileptiform abnormalities. For this reason, it is often used in the routine diagnostic workup of epileptic patients as an activating procedure for eliciting epileptiform and/or seizure patterns in their EEGs. In order to evaluate the effects of SD on cortical(More)
BACKGROUND   Sleep disturbances and excessive daytime somnolence are common and disabling features in adult-onset myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). METHODS   Our study used questionnaires, ambulatory polysomnography and the multiple sleep latency test to evaluate sleep-wake cycle and daytime sleepiness in unselected adult-onset DM1 patients. We recruited(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There is a paucity of data available regarding the occurrence of sleep disorders in myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2). In this study the sleep-wake cycle and daytime sleepiness were investigated in DM2 patients and compared with results from healthy subjects and myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) patients. METHODS Twelve DM2 outpatients,(More)
Our objective was to determine, in three separate studies, the effects of controlled-release carbamazepine (CBZ-CR), lamotrigine (LTG), and gabapentin (GBP) on nocturnal sleep in epilepsy. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) control seizures and also modify hypnic structure. Despite widespread clinical use, their effects on sleep are not well known. PSG was(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of our study was to evaluate possible changes in nocturnal sleep, daytime somnolence and cognitive functions induced by add-on therapy with lamotrigine (LTG). MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirteen patients affected by seizures resistant to common antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) underwent nocturnal polysomnographic monitorings, daytime somnolence(More)
The pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS) may be primary (idiopathic intracranial hypertension) or arise from an identifiable secondary cause. Characterization of typical neuroimaging abnormalities, clarification of normal opening pressure in children, and features distinguishing the syndrome of intracranial hypertension without papilledema from intracranial(More)
Between 2005 and 2007, six patients affected by idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) were submitted to the bilateral implantation (and subsequent deep brain stimulation - DBS) of the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) plus the subthalamic nucleus (STN). This review synthesizes the effects of PPN low-frequency stimulation on non-motor functions, focusing on(More)
Turner's syndrome (TS) is rarely associated with serious abnormalities of brain structure or malformations of cortical development. We report a 17-year-old girl with TS and 45,XO/46,XX mosaicism presenting bilateral frontal polymicrogyria (BFP) and epilepsy. To our knowledge, the association between TS and BFP has never been reported to date. Our(More)