Francesca Izzi14
Maria Albanese9
Claudio Liguori8
14Francesca Izzi
9Maria Albanese
8Claudio Liguori
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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is accompanied by neurocognitive impairment, likely mediated by injury to various brain regions. We evaluated brain morphological changes in patients with OSA and their relationship to neuropsychological and oximetric data. Sixteen patients affected by moderate-severe OSA (age: 55.8±6.7 years, 13 males) and fourteen control(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Sleep deprivation (SD) is known to facilitate both seizures and interictal epileptiform abnormalities. For this reason, it is often used in the routine diagnostic workup of epileptic patients as an activating procedure for eliciting epileptiform and/or seizure patterns in their EEGs. In order to evaluate the effects of SD on cortical(More)
We examined the effects of sleep microstructure, ie, the cyclic alternating pattern (CAP), on heart rate (HR)- and blood pressure (BP)-regulating mechanisms and on baroreflex control of HR in healthy humans and tested the hypothesis that sympathetic activation occurring in CAP epochs during non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep periods is buffered by the(More)
PURPOSE The endocannabinoid system is involved in excitatory/inhibitory balance mechanisms within the central nervous system (CNS). Growing evidence shows that its perturbation leads to development of epileptic seizures in experimental models, thus indicating that endocannabinoids play an intrinsic protective role in suppressing pathologic neuronal(More)
IMPORTANCE Nocturnal sleep disruption develops in Alzheimer disease (AD) owing to the derangement of the sleep-wake cycle regulation pathways. Orexin contributes to the regulation of the sleep-wake cycle by increasing arousal levels and maintaining wakefulness. OBJECTIVES To study cerebrospinal fluid levels of orexin in patients with AD, to evaluate the(More)
Between 2005 and 2007, six patients affected by idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) were submitted to the bilateral implantation (and subsequent deep brain stimulation - DBS) of the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) plus the subthalamic nucleus (STN). This review synthesizes the effects of PPN low-frequency stimulation on non-motor functions, focusing on(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between the electroencephalographic (EEG) power spectra features obtained by quantitative EEG (qEEG) and the hemodynamic parameters detected by dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DSC MRI) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS Fourteen patients with probable AD and 15 elderly healthy(More)
Narcolepsy is characterized by hypocretin deficiency due to the loss of hypothalamic orexinergic neurons, and is associated with both the human leucocyte antigen DQB1*06:02 and the T cell receptor polymorphism. The above relationship suggests autoimmune/inflammatory processes underlying the loss of orexinergic neurons in narcolepsy. To test the(More)
BACKGROUND REM sleep has antiepileptogenic properties whereas, its loss is known to have a proconvulsive role. However, the mechanisms underlying the proepileptogenic effects of REM sleep deprivation are yet not fully understood. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of selective REM sleep deprivation (SRD) on cortical excitability in healthy(More)
While many studies have investigated electroencephalographic (EEG) features of dementia, few have analysed the relationship between EEG and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers in cognitive impairment. Seizures are frequently observed at the end stage of Alzheimer disease, and experimental animal studies support the view that epileptiform activity may contribute(More)