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Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) is a multisystem genetic disorder characterized by hamartomatous neurological lesions that exhibit abnormal cell proliferation and differentiation. Hyperactivation of mTOR pathway by mutations in either the Tsc1 or Tsc2 gene underlies TSC pathogenesis, but involvement of specific neural cell populations in the formation of(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate, in 16 patients with drug-resistant partial epilepsy who were waiting to undergo surgical treatment, the relation between positron emission tomography (PET) findings with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG) in the interictal state and the different stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG) patterns that characterize:(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of a spectral function detecting cerebral hypoperfusion. METHODS Continuous electroencephalographic monitoring was employed during 47 consecutive carotid endarterectomies. Patients were assigned to 3 different groups according to the entity of electroencephalographic changes during carotid(More)
BACKGROUND Neurotoxicity is a recognized complication of cyclosporine A (CSA) treatment. The incidence of severe CSA-related neurological complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is 4-11%. METHODS We describe 6 cases of CSA related neurotoxicity out of 67 matched related HSCT performed in paediatric Middle East patients(More)
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) is a multisystem genetic disorder caused by mutation in either Tsc1 or Tsc2 genes that leads to the hyper activation of the mTOR pathway, a key signalling pathway for synaptic plasticity. TSC is characterized by benign tumors arising in different organs and severe neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as epilepsy, intellectual(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a dominantly inherited disease with high penetrance and morbidity, and is caused by mutations in either of two genes, TSC1 or TSC2. Most affected individuals display severe neurological manifestations - such as intractable epilepsy, mental retardation and autism - that are intimately associated with peculiar CNS lesions(More)
Deletion of one or more synapsin genes in mice results in a spontaneous epilepsy. In these animals, seizures can be evoked by opening or moving the cage. Aim of the present study was to characterize the evolution of the epileptic phenotype by neurophysiological examination and behavioral observation in synapsin triple knock-out (Syn-TKO) mice. Syn-TKO mice(More)
Drawing a clinical distinction between frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) is tricky, particularly at the early stages of disease. This study evaluates the possibility in differentiating 39 FTD, 39 AD, and 39 controls (CTR) by means of power spectral analysis and standardized low resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (sLORETA)(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable method of EEG analysis during carotid endarterectomy. EEGs of 104 patients under general anesthesia were processed by three different methods: a) "on-line" visual analysis during surgery, b) "off-line" visual analysis in laboratory, and c) computer analysis. To identify pathological EEGs, variability and(More)
A method for the analysis of variability of EEG signals is described. We examined simulated signals and real EEGs obtained from a normal subject and two epileptic patients. The first step of the method is based on autoregressive (AR) modelling of short EEG epochs. Prediction coefficients of the AR model were computed as a function of time from(More)