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Status epilepticus (SE) is a medical emergency which can lead to significant morbidity and mortality and requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. SE is differentiated into generalized or partial SE on the basis of its electro-clinical manifestations. The guidelines for the management of SE produced by the Italian League against Epilepsy also distinguish(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of a spectral function detecting cerebral hypoperfusion. METHODS Continuous electroencephalographic monitoring was employed during 47 consecutive carotid endarterectomies. Patients were assigned to 3 different groups according to the entity of electroencephalographic changes during carotid(More)
Autonomic nervous system (ANS) failure may be an important complication in some neurological diseases. Conventional tests for the assessment of ANS functions during wakefulness cannot be used for many patients with dementia of the Alzheimer's type (DA) because of their poor cooperation. In 6 of 16 patients with presenile DAT we found signs of sympathetic(More)
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) is a multisystem genetic disorder characterized by hamartomatous neurological lesions that exhibit abnormal cell proliferation and differentiation. Hyperactivation of mTOR pathway by mutations in either the Tsc1 or Tsc2 gene underlies TSC pathogenesis, but involvement of specific neural cell populations in the formation of(More)
BACKGROUND Neurotoxicity is a recognized complication of cyclosporine A (CSA) treatment. The incidence of severe CSA-related neurological complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is 4-11%. METHODS We describe 6 cases of CSA related neurotoxicity out of 67 matched related HSCT performed in paediatric Middle East patients(More)
PURPOSE The chromosome 20 ring [r(20)] is a rare chromosomal disorder without clear phenotypical markers. We describe the electroclinical pattern in a group of patients with r(20). METHODS We observed 3 patients (a boy, patient 1; his mother, patient 2; and an unrelated man, patient 3), performing prolonged video-EEG and cytogenetic studies and(More)
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) is a multisystem genetic disorder caused by mutation in either Tsc1 or Tsc2 genes that leads to the hyper activation of the mTOR pathway, a key signalling pathway for synaptic plasticity. TSC is characterized by benign tumors arising in different organs and severe neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as epilepsy, intellectual(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a dominantly inherited disease with high penetrance and morbidity, and is caused by mutations in either of two genes, TSC1 or TSC2. Most affected individuals display severe neurological manifestations - such as intractable epilepsy, mental retardation and autism - that are intimately associated with peculiar CNS lesions(More)
Deletion of one or more synapsin genes in mice results in a spontaneous epilepsy. In these animals, seizures can be evoked by opening or moving the cage. Aim of the present study was to characterize the evolution of the epileptic phenotype by neurophysiological examination and behavioral observation in synapsin triple knock-out (Syn-TKO) mice. Syn-TKO mice(More)
Cardiovascular disease and the development of coronary artery disease play a pivotal role in increasing mortality in patients with type 1 diabetes. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of pancreas transplantation on atherosclerotic risk factors, endothelial-dependent dilation (EDD), and progression of intima media thickness (IMT) in patients(More)