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Patients with adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) and subclinical hypercortisolism (SH) have increased risk of fracture independent of bone mineral density (BMD) and possibly due to reduced bone quality. The trabecular bone score (TBS) has been proposed as a index of bone microarchitecture. The aim of the study was to investigate TBS in AI. In 102 AI patients, SH(More)
Altered bone micro-architecture is an important factor in accounting for fragility fractures. Until recently, it has not been possible to gain information about skeletal microstructure in a way that is clinically feasible. Bone biopsy is essentially a research tool. High-resolution peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography, while non-invasive, is(More)
With the optimization of transfusional and chelation regimens, beta-thalassemia has changed from a pediatric disease with poor life expectancy into a chronic disease. Bone demineralization is an important cause of morbidity in older patients; the etiology is multifactorial and partially unknown. We examined, cross-sectionally, 111 adult patients with(More)
Total bone mineral and bone mineral density modifications were evaluated during fracture healing of long bones in patients with traumatic fractures of the lower limbs, using an experimental model based on the dual photonabsorptiometry technique. Seven patients (five males and two females; mean age, 19.5 years; range, 17-23 years) with tibia and fibula(More)
BACKGROUND Bone repair alteration is hypothesized for nonunion fracture pathogenesis. Since it is involved in osteoclast regulation, the RANK/RANKL/OPG system (receptor activator of nuclear factor kB/its ligand/osteoprotegerin) may play a role. MATERIALS AND METHODS Serum OPG, free RANKL, bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP), osteocalcin (OC), and urinary(More)
Bone turnover markers (BTM) progressively decrease in young adult women. This might be linked to changes in insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I). Four serum BTMs [serum C-telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX), osteocalcin (OC), N-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen (P1NP), and bone alkaline phosphatase (bone AP)], serum calcium (sCa), phosphate(More)
BACKGROUND The standard remission maintenance treatment for ulcerative colitis (UC) is 5-amino-salicylic acid (5-ASA), given orally and topically and in different doses, with various frequencies and duration of administration. Both the efficacy of long-term intermittent therapy with low-dose 5-ASA enemas in preventing UC relapses and its economic(More)
OBJECTIVES Baseline characteristics of the population enrolled in the ISSO study, designed to evaluate the incidence of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures in Italian patients with severe osteoporosis treated according to clinical practice over 24 months observation. METHODS Prospective observational study in 783 post-menopausal women and men entering(More)
Despite the extraordinary improvements carried out in diagnostic and therapeutic management of thalassaemia major over the past few decades, bone demineralization is still a common finding, even in optimally treated patients. The relationships between bone density and several clinical characteristics or hematological markers have been described, and many(More)