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We construct and discuss a semirational, multiparametric vector solution of coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations (Manakov system). This family of solutions includes known vector Peregrine solutions, bright- and dark-rogue solutions, and novel vector unusual freak waves. The vector rogue waves could be of great interest in a variety of complex systems,… (More)
Spectral blue- and red-shifts in a range of 100 nm are achieved by propagating 40 fs pulses with a 70 nm spectrum centered at 1450 nm in a 25-mm-long periodically poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystal. We show experimentally that these shifts, originating from a phase-mismatched second harmonic generation process under conditions of strong group… (More)
We give direct experimental evidence that the group velocity of ultrashort pulses can be controlled through chi(2)-cascaded interactions, under the condition of large group-velocity mismatch. The group velocity can be finely tuned by acting on pulse intensity and phase mismatch. Group-delay shifts up to 50 fs are achieved by propagating 40 fs pulses around… (More)
We present a single-pass frequency doubler that efficiently converts broadband near-infrared femtosecond pulses into narrow-spectrum visible picosecond pulses. An optimal control technique is introduced for properly designing aperiodically poled nonlinear crystals to generate visible pulses of the desired amplitude, phase profile, and carrier wavelength.
We theoretically and experimentally investigate multistep parametric processes in broadband optical parametric generators (OPGs) based on periodically poled 1 mol. % MgO-doped stoichiometric LiTaO3. We demonstrate that parametric collateral processes may deplete or enhance spectral portions of the OPG output, depending on pump pulse duration.
Narrow-bandwidth picosecond pulses of predetermined spectral and temporal shapes are generated with high efficiency by frequency conversion of femtosecond pulses in lithium tantalate crystals with engineered quasi-phase-matching structures. We give examples of the synthesis of Gaussian and super-Gaussian picosecond pulses and also of a pair of synchronized… (More)
We introduce a simple approach for the efficient generation of tunable narrow-bandwidth picosecond pulses synchronized to broadband femtosecond ones. Second harmonic generation in the presence of large group velocity mismatch between the interacting pulses transfers a large fraction of the energy of a broadband fundamental frequency pulse into a narrowband… (More)
We report and discuss analytical solutions of the vector nonlinear Schrödinger equation that describe rogue waves in the defocusing regime. This family of solutions includes bright-dark and dark-dark rogue waves. The link between modulational instability (MI) and rogue waves is displayed by showing that only a peculiar kind of MI, namely baseband MI, can… (More)
We analyze the control of the propagation speed of three wave packets interacting in a medium with quadratic nonlinearity and dispersion. We find analytical expressions for mutually trapped pulses with a common velocity in the form of a three-parameter family of solutions of the three-wave resonant interaction. The stability of these novel parametric… (More)
We predict that parametric sum-frequency generation of an ultra-short pulse may result from the mixing of an ultra-short optical pulse with a quasi-continuous wave control. We analytically show that the intensity, time duration and group velocity of the generated idler pulse may be controlled in a stable manner by adjusting the intensity level of the… (More)