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Radial glial cells and astrocytes are heterogeneous with respect to morphology, cytoskeletal- and membrane-associated molecules and intercellular interactions. Astrocytes derived from lateral (L) and medial (M) midbrain sectors differ in their abilities to support neuritic growth of midbrain neurons in coculture (Garcia-Abreu et al. J Neurosci Res 40:471,(More)
The amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) plays a major role in neuronal dysfunction and neurotoxicity in Alzheimer disease. However, the signal transduction mechanisms involved in Abeta-induced neuronal dysfunction remain to be fully elucidated. A major current unknown is the identity of the protein receptor(s) involved in neuronal Abeta binding. Using phage(More)
In Xenopus embryos, a dorsal-ventral patterning gradient is generated by diffusing Chordin/bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) complexes cleaved by BMP1/Tolloid metalloproteinases in the ventral side. We developed a new BMP1/Tolloid assay using a fluorogenic Chordin peptide substrate and identified an unexpected negative feedback loop for BMP4, in which BMP4(More)
Flavonoids are plant-derived polyphenolic molecules that have potential biological effects including anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and anti-tumoral effects. These effects are related to the ability of flavonoids to modulate signaling pathways, such as the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. This pathway controls many aspects of embryonic(More)
Connective-tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) is a matricellular-secreted protein involved in complex processes such as wound healing, angiogenesis, fibrosis and metastasis, in the regulation of cell proliferation, migration and extracellular matrix remodeling. Glioblastoma (GBM) is the major malignant primary brain tumor and its adaptation to the central(More)
Cholesterol-rich membrane microdomains (CRMMs) are specialized structures that have recently gained much attention in cell biology because of their involvement in cell signaling and trafficking. However, few investigations, particularly those addressing embryonic development, have succeeded in manipulating and observing CRMMs in living cells. In this study,(More)
The harmonious development of the central nervous system depends on the interactions of the neuronal and glial cells. Extracellular matrix elements play important roles in these interactions, especially laminin produced by astrocytes, which has been shown to be a good substrate for neuron growth and axonal guidance. Glioblastomas are the most common(More)
Astrocytes located in two distinct regions of midbrain differ in their neuritic growth support abilities. Midbrain neurons cultured onto astrocyte monolayers from the lateral (L) region develop long and branched neurites while neurons cultured onto astrocyte monolayers from the medial (M) region develop short or no neurites. The extracellular matrix of(More)
Maternal Wnt/β-Catenin signaling is essential to establish dorsal-specific gene expression required for axial patterning in Xenopus. Deregulation of this pathway causes axis phenotypes in frog embryos. In adult life, mutations in the Wnt pathway components are associated with many diseases, such as polyposis coli; osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome (OPPG);(More)