Fabio A. Doctorovich

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Nitroxyl (HNO) is a redox sibling of nitric oxide (NO) that targets distinct signalling pathways with pharmacological endpoints of high significance in the treatment of heart failure. Beneficial HNO effects depend, in part, on its ability to release calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) through an unidentified mechanism. Here we propose that HNO is(More)
Most physiological processes in mammals are synchronized to the daily light:dark cycle by a circadian clock located in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus. Signal transduction of light-induced phase advances of the clock is mediated through a neuronal nitric oxide synthase-guanilyl cyclase pathway. We have employed a novel nitric oxide-donor,(More)
Hydrophobic ([tetrakis(2,4-dimetil-3-pentyloxi)-phthalocyaninate]zinc(II)) (ZnPc) and hydrophilic ([tetrakis(N,N,N-trimethylammoniumetoxi)-phthalocyaninate]zinc(II) tetraiodide) (ZnPcMet) phthalocyanines were synthesized and loaded in ultradeformable liposomes (UDL) of soybean phosphatidylcholine and sodium cholate (6:1, w/w, ratio), resulting 100 nm mean(More)
We report an investigation of the reaction between (S)-nitroso-l-cysteine ethyl ester and l-cysteine ethyl ester as a model of physiologically relevant transnitrosation processes. Our theoretical and experimental evidence clearly supports the existence of a nitroxyl disulfide intermediate in solution.
The catalytic disproportionation of NH(2)OH has been studied in anaerobic aqueous solution, pH 6-9.3, at 25.0 degrees C, with Na(3)[Fe(CN)(5)NH(3)].3H(2)O as a precursor of the catalyst, [Fe(II)(CN)(5)H(2)O](3)(-). The oxidation products are N(2), N(2)O, and NO(+) (bound in the nitroprusside ion, NP), and NH(3) is the reduction product. The yields of(More)
A group of Piloty's acid (N-hydroxybenzenesulfonamide) derivatives were synthesized and fully characterized in order to assess the rates and pH of HNO (azanone, nitroxyl) donation in aqueous media. The derivatives, with electron-withdrawing and -donating substituents include methyl, nitro, fluoro, tri-isopropyl, trifluoromethyl and methoxy groups. The most(More)
In the present work, the effect of melatonin on the hamster retinal nitridergic pathway was examined. When the retinas were incubated in the presence of low concentrations (1 pM-10 nM) of melatonin for 15 min, a significant decrease of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity was observed. However, when crude retinal homogenates were preincubated with melatonin(More)
Melatonin is being increasingly promoted as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of jet lag and insomnia, and is an efficient free radical scavenger. We have recently characterized a product for the reaction of melatonin with nitric oxide (NO), N-nitrosomelatonin. In the present work, reaction pathways with N1, C2, C4, C6 and C7 as possible targets for its(More)
There is recent evidence suggesting that nitrite anion (NO 2 (-)) represents the major intravascular NO storage molecule whose transduction to NO is facilitated by a reduction mechanism catalyzed by deoxygenated hemoglobin (deoxy-Hb). In this work, we provide a detailed microscopic study of deoxy-Hb nitrite reductase (NIR) activity by combining classical(More)
Heme proteins are found in all living organisms and are capable of performing a wide variety of tasks, requiring in many cases the binding of diatomic ligands, namely, O(2), CO, and/or NO. Therefore, subtle regulation of these diatomic ligands' affinity is one of the key issues for determining a heme protein's function. This regulation is achieved through(More)