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A distributed model of the human arterial tree including all main systemic arteries coupled to a heart model is developed. The one-dimensional (1-D) form of the momentum and continuity equations is solved numerically to obtain pressures and flows throughout the systemic arterial tree. Intimal shear is modeled using the Witzig-Womersley theory. A nonlinear(More)
The aim of this study is to develop and validate a patient-specific distributed model of the systemic arterial tree. This model is built using geometric and hemodynamic data measured on a specific person and validated with noninvasive measurements of flow and pressure on the same person, providing thus a patient-specific model and validation. The systemic(More)
BACKGROUND Occlusion of the polar or the paramedian arteries of the thalamus usually leads to distinct infarcts with specific clinical and imaging correlates. However, vascular variation is such that in up to one third of humans, the polar artery is missing and its territory taken over by the paramedian arteries. OBJECTIVE To provide attention to the(More)
We determined in 725 sequentially admitted first-ever stroke patients, using color-coded duplex flow imaging of the V2 segment, whether vertebral artery hypoplasia (VAH) (diameter < or = 2.5 mm) was more frequent (13%) in posterior circulation territory infarction (247) than in strokes in other territories (4.6%). This difference is significant (p < 0.001),(More)
BACKGROUND Although perceptual and representational neglect are frequently associated, the demonstration of a double dissociation between both neglect forms suggests that both rely on different central mechanisms. In addition, perceptual neglect can be selectively observed within personal space or extrapersonal space. However, it is not known whether the(More)
Moyamoya disease is generally recognized in young children. One potential treatment is direct extra-intracranial bypass combined with indirect revascularization using encephalo-myo-synangiosis. Standard follow-up to assess neoangiogenesis includes repeat cerebral angiography, which is invasive. The authors studied whether noninvasive power Doppler imaging(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ultrasound-enhanced thrombolysis is a promising new approach to facilitate reperfusion therapies for acute ischemic stroke. So far, 3 different ultrasound technologies were used to increase the thrombolytic activity of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), including transcranial Doppler (TCD), transcranial color-coded duplex (TCCD), and(More)
The controversy as to whether Doppler ultrasonic methods should play a role in clinical decision-making in the prevention of stroke is attributable to reported disagreement between angiographic and ultrasonic results and the lack of internationally accepted ultrasound criteria for describing the degree of stenosis. Foremost among the explanations for both(More)
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) with multiple organ involvement is a rare disorder in adults. Extrapituitary involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) is uncommon. We report the unusual case of a 55-year-old woman presenting with a left-sided hemiataxia-hemiparesis, left hemisensory loss and short-lasting episodes of an alien left hand due to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Digital subtraction angiography is the reference standard technique to evaluate intracranial vascular anatomy and used on the endovascular treatment of vascular diseases. A dedicated optical flow-based algorithm was applied to DSA to measure arterial flow. The first quantification results of internal carotid artery flow validated with(More)