Fabienne Mourgues

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Potato is a major staple food, and modification of its provitamin content is a possible means for alleviating nutritional deficiencies. beta-carotene is the main dietary precursor of vitamin A. Potato tubers contain low levels of carotenoids, composed mainly of the xanthophylls lutein, antheraxanthin, violaxanthin, and of xanthophyll esters. None of these(More)
The biosynthesis of flavonoids and proanthocyanidins was studied in cultivated strawberry (Fragaria xananassa) by combining biochemical and molecular approaches. Chemical analyses showed that ripe strawberries accumulate high amounts of pelargonidin-derived anthocyanins, and a larger pool of 3',4'-hydroxylated proanthocyanidins. Activities and properties of(More)
Carotenoids are plant metabolites which are not only essential in photosynthesis but also important quality factors in determining the pigmentation and aroma of flowers and fruits. To investigate the regulation of carotenoid metabolism, as related to norisoprenoids and other volatile compounds in peach (Prunus persica L. Batsch.), and the role of carotenoid(More)
Beta-carotene is the main dietary precursor of vitamin A. Potato tubers contain low levels of carotenoids, composed mainly of the xanthophylls lutein (in the beta-epsilon branch) and violaxanthin (in the beta-beta branch). None of these carotenoids have provitamin A activity. We have previously shown that tuber-specific silencing of the first step in the(More)
An efficient and reproducible method was established for genetic transformation of one pear variety (Conferénce) usingAgrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated gene transfer. Wounded leaves of in vitro micropropagated plants were cocultivated with the disarmed strain EHA101 harbouring the binary vector pFAJ3000 carrying the chimaericnptII andgus genes. The(More)
The effect of the type of gelling agent and of several antibiotics on the adventitious bud regeneration from in vitro leaves was tested on eight pear genotypes. The use of gellan gum (Phytagel™) in the medium instead of agar had a very strong positive effect on the rate of adventitious bud regeneration for all pear genotypes tested in this study. This(More)
Isolation of high quality RNA fromRosaceae species is particularly difficult. These plants contain considerable amounts of plant polyphenolic compounds and polysaccharides that copurify with RNA, often rendering it unsuitable for either cDNA synthesis and/or hybridization in northern analyses. We describe a method for RNA isolation from pear leaves that is(More)
Berry species are economically-important crops worldwide and represent an invaluable source of vitamins and other health-related compounds. Species belonging to the families Rosaceae, Ericaceae and Grossulariaceae provide the most popular fruits, showing a strong diversity in natural and breeding populations as to berry traits (fruit type, size, color,(More)
Molecular and biochemical studies were undertaken to elucidate gene/product relationships which influence key fruit quality traits in cultivated strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.). Comparative transcription profiling experiments in selected genotypes pointed out a number of differentially-expressed genes, possibly related to important fruit quality(More)
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