Fabienne Mérola

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The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) from Torpedo marmorata carries two nonequivalent agonist binding sites at the alphadelta and alphagamma subunit interfaces. These sites have been characterized by time-resolved fluorescence with the partial nicotinic agonist dansyl-C(6)-choline (Dnscho). When bound to the detergent-solubilized receptor, the(More)
The time-resolved fluorescence emission characteristics of the single tryptophan residue (Trp-59) of horse heart apocytochrome c--the precursor of the intramitochondrial cytochrome c--were studied in aqueous solution. The total fluorescence intensity decay measured over the whole emission spectrum was analyzed as a sum of three or four exponentials by the(More)
Nucleoside diphosphate (NDP) kinase is the enzyme responsible in the cell for the phosphorylation of nucleoside or deoxynucleoside diphosphates into the corresponding triphosphates at the expense of ATP. Transfer of the gamma-phosphate is very fast (turnover number above 1000 s-1) and involves the phosphorylation of a histidine residue at the active site of(More)
We have studied the fluorescence decays of the purified enhanced cyan fluorescent protein (ECFP, with chromophore sequence Thr-Trp-Gly) and of its variant carrying the single H148D mutation characteristic of the brighter form Cerulean. Both proteins exhibit highly complex fluorescence decays showing strong temperature and pH dependences. At neutral pH, the(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Hepatocytes, which perform the main functions of the liver, are particularly vulnerable to toxic agents such as cadmium, an environmental pollutant. To identify the molecular targets for cadmium in hepatocytes, we have studied the effects of CdCl2 on the hybrid cell line WIF-B9 that exhibits stable structural and functional(More)
G-protein-coupled receptor homo-oligomerization has been increasingly reported. However, little is known regarding the relationship between activation of the receptor and its association/conformational states. The mammalian olfactory receptors (ORs) belong to the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily. In this study, the homo-oligomerization status of the(More)
The steady-state tryptophan fluorescence and time-resolved tryptophan fluorescence of Escherichia coli thioredoxin, calf thymus thioredoxin, and yeast thioredoxin have been studied. In all proteins, the tryptophan residues undergo strong static and dynamic quenching, probably due to charge-transfer interactions with the nearby sulfur atoms of the active(More)
pH is an important parameter that affects many functions of live cells, from protein structure or function to several crucial steps of their metabolism. Genetically encoded pH sensors based on pH-sensitive fluorescent proteins have been developed and used to monitor the pH of intracellular compartments. The quantitative analysis of pH variations can be(More)
Using fluorescence lifetime microspectroscopy and imaging techniques, we have studied the fluorescence of cyan fluorescent protein (CFP) transiently expressed in HEK-293 cells, in the presence or absence of its fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) partner, yellow fluorescent protein (YFP). When the two proteins are attached through a 27-amino-acid(More)
The modifications induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) on fluorescent proteins (FPs) may have important implications for live cell fluorescence imaging. Using quantitative gamma-radiolysis, we have studied the ROS-induced biochemical and photophysical perturbations on recombinant cyan fluorescent protein (CFP). After oxidation by the OH radical, the(More)