Fabienne Gally

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The multifunctional surface protein CD38 acts as a receptor with ecto-enzymatic activity, hydrolyzing NAD to generate several products known to exhibit Ca2+-mobilizing properties. Although CD38 is a convenient marker of immune cell development, and an indicator of progression for several diseases, it is not restricted to the immune compartment. To determine(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking is the major cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. Respiratory bacterial infections have been shown to be involved in the development of COPD along with impaired airway innate immunity. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To address the in vivo impact of cigarette smoke (CS) exclusively on host(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory infections including Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) contribute to various chronic lung diseases. We have shown that mouse short palate, lung, and nasal epithelium clone 1 (SPLUNC1) protein was able to inhibit Mp growth. Further, airway epithelial cells increased SPLUNC1 expression upon Mp infection. However, the mechanisms underlying(More)
The early inflammatory response to influenza A virus infection contributes to severe lung disease and continues to pose a serious threat to human health. The mechanisms by which inflammatory cells invade the respiratory tract remain unclear. Uncontrolled inflammation and oxidative stress cause lung damage in response to influenza A infection. We have(More)
BACKGROUND The enzyme extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD; SOD3) is a major antioxidant defense in lung and vasculature. A nonsynonomous single-nucleotide polymorphism in EC-SOD (rs1799895) leads to an arginine to glycine amino acid substitution at position 213 (R213G) in the heparin-binding domain. In recent human genetic association studies, this(More)
Cigarette smoking is the primary cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with repeated and sustained infections linked to disease pathogenesis and exacerbations. The airway epithelium constitutes the first line of host defense against infection and is known to be impaired in COPD. We have previously identified Fatty Acid Binding Protein 5(More)
Cigarette smoking is the primary cause of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), which is characterized by chronic inflammation of the airways and destruction of lung parenchyma. Repeated and sustained bacterial infections are clearly linked to disease pathogenesis (e.g., exacerbations) and a huge burden on health care costs. The airway epithelium(More)
MnTE-2-PyP, a superoxide dismutase mimetic, inhibited OVA-induced airway inflammation in mice suggesting an effect on Th2 responsiveness. Thus, we hypothesized that MnTE-2-PyP may alter dendritic cell-Th2 interactions. Bone marrow derived dendritic cells (DC) and OVA(323-339)-specific Th2 cells were cultured separately in the presence or absence of(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Respiratory infections including atypical bacteria Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) contribute to the pathobiology of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Mp infection mainly targets airway epithelium and activates various signaling pathways such as nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). We have shown that short palate, lung, and(More)
K(ATP) channel openers are a diverse group of molecules able to activate ATP-sensitive K(+) channels in a tissue-dependent manner by binding to the channel regulatory subunit, the sulfonylurea receptor (SUR), an ATP-binding cassette protein. Residues crucial to this action were previously identified in the last transmembrane helix of SUR, transmembrane(More)