Fabienne Billiard

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Early responses of Tregs and effector T cells (Teffs) to their first encounter with tumor cells have been poorly characterized. Here we have shown, in both implanted and in situ-induced mouse tumor models, that the appearance of tumor cells is immediately sensed by CD44hi memory Tregs that are specific for self antigens. The rapid response of these Tregs(More)
PURPOSE To assess the frequency and the functional characteristics of one major component of immune tolerance, the CD4(+)FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) in a mouse model of abdominal irradiation. METHODS AND MATERIALS Mice were exposed to a single abdominal dose of γ-radiation (10 Gy). We evaluated small intestine Treg infiltration by Foxp3(More)
Delta-like ligand 4 (Dll4)-Notch signaling is essential for T cell development and alternative thymic lineage decisions. How Dll4-Notch signaling affects pro-T cell fate and thymic dendritic cell (tDC) development is unknown. We found that Dll4 pharmacological blockade induces accumulation of tDCs and CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells (T(reg) cells)(More)
CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cells (Treg) play a major role in the prevention of autoimmune diseases. Converging evidence indicates that Treg specific for self-antigens expressed by target tissues have a greater therapeutic potential than polyclonal Treg. Therefore, the selective expansion of rare self-antigen-specific T(reg) naturally present in a polyclonal(More)
Little is known about the in vivo conditions in which CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (T(reg)) exert their suppressive effect in nonlymphopenic mice. To this end, we analyzed T(reg)-mediated suppression of expansion and cytokine production at different levels of Ag-specific CD4+CD25- T cell activation. Using Ab-mediated depletion of endogenous T(reg), we show(More)
CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Tregs play a major role in prevention of autoimmune diseases. The suppressive effect of Tregs on effector T cells (Teffs), the cells that can mediate autoimmunity, has been extensively studied. However, the in vivo impact of Teff activation on Tregs during autoimmunity has not been explored. In this study, we have shown that CD4+ Teff(More)
PURPOSE Changes in the Th1/Th2 immune balance may play a role in increasing the incidence of radiation-induced toxicity. This study evaluates the consequences of Th1 deficiency on intestinal response (fibrosis and T cell trafficking) to abdominal irradiation and examines in mucosa and mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) the differential involvement of the two Th1(More)
The essential role of the Delta-like ligand 4 (Dll4)-Notch signaling pathway in T-lymphocyte development is well established. It has been shown that specific inactivation of Dll4 on thymic stromal cells during early post-natal development leads to a deregulation in T-cell differentiation. However, whether ongoing Dll4-Notch signaling is required for T-cell(More)
CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells play a major role in peripheral tolerance. Multiple environmental factors and cell types affect their biology. Among them, activated effector CD4(+) T cells can boost Treg cell expansion through TNF or IL-2. In this study, we further characterized this effector T (Teff) cell-dependent Treg cell boost in vivo(More)