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BACKGROUND Crossovers are essential for the completion of meiosis. Recently, two pathways of crossover formation have been identified on the basis of distinct genetic controls. In one pathway, crossover inhibits the occurrence of another such event in a distance-dependent manner. This phenomenon is known as interference. The second kind of crossover is(More)
Strigolactones are a novel class of plant hormones controlling shoot branching in seed plants. They also signal host root proximity during symbiotic and parasitic interactions. To gain a better understanding of the origin of strigolactone functions, we characterised a moss mutant strongly affected in strigolactone biosynthesis following deletion of the(More)
Using a transgenic line that overexpresses a fusion of the KNAT2 (KNOTTED-like Arabidopsis) homeodomain protein and the hormone-binding domain of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), we have investigated the possible relations between KNAT2 and various hormones. Upon activation of the KNAT2-GR fusion, we observed a delayed senescence of the leaves and a higher(More)
Gene targeting (GT) is a major tool for basic and applied research during which the transforming DNA, which shares sequence homology with a chromosomal target, integrates at the corresponding locus by homologous recombination (HR). In eukaryotes, GT recruits enzymes from the HR-mediated double strand break repair pathway. Different mechanisms of HR have(More)
BACKGROUND In eukaryotes the photosynthetic antenna system is composed of subunits encoded by the light harvesting complex (Lhc) multigene family. These proteins play a key role in photosynthesis and are involved in both light harvesting and photoprotection. The moss Physcomitrella patens is a member of a lineage that diverged from seed plants early after(More)
Cloning through seeds has potential revolutionary applications in agriculture, because it would allow vigorous hybrids to be propagated indefinitely. However, asexual seed formation or apomixis, avoiding meiosis and fertilization, is not found in the major food crops. To develop de novo synthesis of apomixis, we crossed Arabidopsis MiMe and dyad mutants(More)
Meiotic recombination is initiated by the formation of numerous DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) catalysed by the widely conserved Spo11 protein. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Spo11 requires nine other proteins for meiotic DSB formation; however, unlike Spo11, few of these are conserved across kingdoms. In order to investigate this recombination step in(More)
Root hairs are a major site for the uptake of water and nutrients into plants, and they form an increasingly important model system for the study of development in higher plants. We now report on the molecular genetic analysis of the srh1 mutant in Arabidopsis thaliana impaired in root hair tip growth. We show that srh1 is a new allele of cow1 (can of(More)
RNAi offers opportunities to generate new traits in genetically modified (GM) plants. Instead of expressing novel proteins, RNAi-based GM plants reduce target gene expression. Silencing of off-target genes may trigger unintended effects, and identifying these genes would facilitate risk assessment. However, using bioinformatics alone is not reliable, due to(More)
A cytokinin-binding peptide (CBP) of 46 kDa (Thy46) has been identified in thylakoid membranes of pea chloroplasts, by photoaffinity labelling with tritiated 1-(2-azido-6-chloropyrid-4-yl)-3-phenylurea ([3H]azidoCPPU), a urea-type cytokinin agonist. The labelled peptide is also detected in Nicotiana plumbaginifolia, Nicotiana tabacum and spinach thylakoid(More)