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Because species invasions are a principal driver of the human-induced biodiversity crisis, the identification of the major determinants of global invasions is a prerequisite for adopting sound conservation policies. Three major hypotheses, which are not necessarily mutually exclusive, have been proposed to explain the establishment of non-native species:(More)
Mediterranean-climate regions (med-regions) are global hotspots of endemism facing mounting environmental threats associated with human-related activities, including the ecological impacts associated with non-native species introductions. We review freshwater fish introductions across med-regions to evaluate the influences of non-native fishes on the(More)
The evolutionary dissimilarity between communities (phylogenetic beta diversity PBD) has been increasingly explored by ecologists and biogeographers to assess the relative roles of ecological and evolutionary processes in structuring natural communities. Among PBD measures, the PhyloSor and UniFrac indices have been widely used to assess the level of(More)
335 Prey change behaviour with predation threat, but demographic effects vary with prey density: experiments with grasshoppers and birds 349 Increases in the flux of carbon belowground stimulate nitrogen uptake and sustain the long-term enhancement of forest productivity under elevated CO 2 358 Predator-driven component Allee effects in a wild ungulate(More)
The most prominent pattern in global marine biogeography is the biodiversity peak in the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Yet the processes that underpin this pattern are still actively debated. By reconstructing global marine paleoenvironments over the past 3 million years on the basis of sediment cores, we assessed the extent to which Quaternary climate(More)
Sex steroid inhibitors were used to characterize the effects of 17beta-estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) on the sexual growth dimorphism of Eurasian perch juveniles. In experiment 1, growth responses to different doses of either E2 (25, 50, 75, and 100 mgkg(diet)-1) or fadrozole (Fa; 50 and 100 mgkg(diet)-1) were compared in triplicate tanks of 30 fish(More)
Although coral reefs support the largest concentrations of marine biodiversity worldwide, the extent to which the global system of marine-protected areas (MPAs) represents individual species and the breadth of evolutionary history across the Tree of Life has never been quantified. Here we show that only 5.7% of scleractinian coral species and 21.7% of(More)
(2008) Fish invasions in the world's river systems: When natural processes are blurred by human activities. PLoS Biol 6(2): e28. The content of the published Dataset S1 was incorrect, due to a procedural error when the file was created. A corrected version of this file is now available. The figures and analysis presented elsewhere in the research article(More)