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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy. Here, we performed high-resolution copy-number analysis on 125 HCC tumors and whole-exome sequencing on 24 of these tumors. We identified 135 homozygous deletions and 994 somatic mutations of genes with predicted functional consequences. We found new recurrent alterations in four(More)
Genomic analyses promise to improve tumor characterization to optimize personalized treatment for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Exome sequencing analysis of 243 liver tumors identified mutational signatures associated with specific risk factors, mainly combined alcohol and tobacco consumption and exposure to aflatoxin B1. We identified 161(More)
Nuclear bodies (NBs) are ultrastructurally defined granules predominantly found in dividing cells. Here we show that PML, a protein involved in the t(15;17) translocation of acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL), is specifically bound to a NB. PML and several NB-associated proteins, found as auto-antigens in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), are co-localized(More)
Simian virus SV40 has been widely used to immortalize epithelial cells of mammalian origin. We report here, for the first time to our knowledge, the immortalization of normal adult prostatic epithelial cells in culture by transfection of a plasmid containing SV40 genome with a defective replication origin (SV40 ori-) encapsulated into liposomes. These cells(More)
Alteration of the p53 gene is the most frequent genetic feature of human cancer and leads to overexpression of the altered protein in the tumor cell nucleus. Two diagnostic procedures are currently available to assess p53 mutations: (a) molecular analysis of the gene sequence; and (b) immunohistochemical analysis of p53 protein accumulation. We now report a(More)
Hepatocellular adenomas (HCA) are benign liver tumors predominantly developed in women using oral contraceptives. Here, exome sequencing identified recurrent somatic FRK mutations that induce constitutive kinase activity, STAT3 activation, and cell proliferation sensitive to Src inhibitors. We also found uncommon recurrent mutations activating JAK1, gp130,(More)
Altered sub-nuclear localisation of the nuclear body-associated PML protein in acute promyelocytic leukaemia, has been proposed to contribute to leukaemogenesis. We have recently shown that PML is a primary target gene of interferons. Here, it is shown that PML has growth suppressive properties and displays an altered expression pattern during human(More)
AKT1 is frequently up-regulated in sporadic breast cancer, whereas BRCA1 is frequently mutated in familial breast cancer. Because BRCA1 is involved in homologous recombination (HR), we addressed whether AKT1 also has an effect on this process. We showed that AKT1 repressed HR through cytoplasmic retention of BRCA1 and RAD51 proteins, resulting in a(More)
Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) was originally identified on the tumor cell surface as an inducer of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) production in neighboring fibroblasts. Here we demonstrate a role for EMMPRIN in MMP induction during corneal wound healing. MMP and EMMPRIN expression was analyzed in normal and ulcerated human(More)
The physiological role of the subtilisin/kexin-like proprotein convertases (PCs) in rodents has been examined through the use of knockout mice. This review will summarize the major in vivo defects that result from the disruption of the expression of their genes. This includes abnormal embryonic development, hormonal disorder, infertility, and/or modified(More)