Fabiana S. Scornik

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Mudpuppy parasympathetic cardiac neurons exhibit spontaneous miniature outward currents (SMOCs) that are thought to be due to the activation of clusters of large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels (BK channels) by localized release of Ca(2+) from internal stores close to the plasma membrane. Perforated-patch whole cell recordings were used to(More)
Spontaneous miniature outward currents (SMOCs) in parasympathetic neurons from mudpuppy cardiac ganglia are caused by activation of TEA- and iberiotoxin-sensitive, Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) (BK) channels. Previously we reported that SMOCs are activated by Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release (CICR) from caffeine- and ryanodine-sensitive intracellular Ca(2+) stores. In(More)
The effect of omega-conotoxin GVIA (omega-CgTx) was studied on spontaneous, K(+)-induced and electrically evoked neurotransmitter release at the neuromuscular junction of mouse diaphragm. omega-CgTx decreased the frequency and amplitude of basal and K(+)-induced miniature end plate potentials. This effect was abolished by raising the extracellular Ca2+(More)
Mudpuppy parasympathetic neurons exhibit spontaneous miniature hyperpolarizations (SMHs) that are generated by potassium currents, which are spontaneous miniature outward currents (SMOCs), flowing through clusters of large conductance voltage- and calcium (Ca(2+))-activated potassium (BK) channels. The underlying SMOCs are initiated by a Ca(2+)-induced(More)
The α-subunit of the cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel (NaV1.5) plays a central role in cardiomyocyte excitability. We have recently reported that NaV1.5 is post-translationally modified by arginine methylation. Here, we aimed to identify the enzymes that methylate NaV1.5, and to describe the role of arginine methylation on NaV1.5 function. Our results(More)
Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a life-threatening, inherited arrhythmogenic syndrome associated with autosomal dominant mutations in SCN5A, the gene encoding the cardiac Na(+) channel alpha subunit (Na(v)1.5). The aim of this work was to characterize the functional alterations caused by a novel SCN5A mutation, I890T, and thus establish whether this mutation is(More)
Previous studies indicate that action potential duration (APD) alternans is initiated in the endocardial (END) and midmyocardial (MID) regions rather than the epicardium (EPI) in the canine left ventricle (LV). This study examines regional differences in the rate dependence of Ca(2+) transient characteristics under conditions that give rise to APD and(More)
We studied principal neurons from canine intracardiac (IC) ganglia to determine whether large-conductance calcium-activated potassium (BK) channels play a role in their excitability. We performed whole cell recordings in voltage- and current-clamp modes to measure ion currents and changes in membrane potential from isolated canine IC neurons. Whole cell(More)
(3) hits a " sweet spot " for the activation of arterial large-conductance Ca 2ϩ-activated potassium channels independently of the ␤1-subunit.age-sensitive dye bis-(1,3-dibutylbarbituric acid)trimethine oxonol [DiBAC4(3)] has been reported as a novel large-conductance Ca 2ϩ-activated K ϩ (BK) channel activator with selectivity for its ␤1-or ␤ 4-subunits. In(More)
We investigated the role of the immune system in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by studying the long-term consequences of ALS immunoglobulin (Ig) application on the levator auris muscle of the mouse. We applied Ig from seven ALS patients, four disease controls, and a pool of normal Ig (6 mg of Ig in 2 weeks) by subcutaneous(More)