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Ankylosing spondylitis is a common form of inflammatory arthritis predominantly affecting the spine and pelvis that occurs in approximately 5 out of 1,000 adults of European descent. Here we report the identification of three variants in the RUNX3, LTBR-TNFRSF1A and IL12B regions convincingly associated with ankylosing spondylitis (P < 5 × 10(-8) in the(More)
Occupational exposure to metals such as cobalt and beryllium represents a risk factor for respiratory health and can cause immune-mediated diseases. However, the way they act may be different. We show here that the two metals have a divergent effect on peripheral T lymphocytes and monocytes: BeSO(4) induces cell death in monocytes but not in T lymphocytes,(More)
Due to its strong association with Ankylosing Spondylitis and the other Spondyloarthropathies, the HLA-B27 family of alleles and, in particular, the ancestral HLA-B*2705, has been the object of numerous studies. More recently, some novel interesting features have emerged such as the ability of HLA-B27 to confer resistance to the progression of HIV infection(More)
The association of HLA-B27 with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is the strongest among all inflammatory diseases. However, the exact role of these molecules in disease pathogenesis is still unknown. The existence of HLA-B27 variants rarely found in patients introduces a further level of complexity. It is now accepted that other genes of minor impact contribute(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the contribution of HLA genes other than HLA-B27 in conferring susceptibility to ankylosing spondylitis (AS), through analysis of HLA-B27 haplotypes in Sardinian subjects. METHODS Ninety-eight patients with AS, 133 HLA-B27-positive controls (of whom 33 were positive for HLA-B*2709), and 190 randomly selected controls were genotyped for(More)
Nascent HLA-class I molecules are stabilized by proteasome-derived peptides in the ER and the new complexes proceed to the cell surface through the post-ER vesicles. It has been shown, however, that less stable complexes can exchange peptides in the Trans Golgi Network (TGN). HLA-B27 are the most studied HLA-class I molecules due to their association with(More)
Idiopathic achalasia is a rare disorder of the oesophagus of unknown aetio-pathogenesis characterized by a myenteric inflammation, aperistalsis and insufficient lower oesophageal sphincter relaxation. Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), present in the myenteric plexus, is involved in smooth muscle relaxation and acts as an anti-inflammatory cytokine. The(More)
BACKGROUND The human Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP) is a neurokine with effects on the immune system where it is involved in promoting tolerance. In this context, one of its receptors, VPAC1, has been found to be down-modulated in cells of the immune network in response to activating stimuli. In particular, the bacterial liposaccharide (LPS), a strong(More)
Inflammatory processes are accompanied by the posttranslational modification of certain arginine residues within proteins to yield citrulline, although it is largely unknown how this modification influences antigen presentation. We employed crystallographic and functional studies to investigate whether the exchange of arginine to citrulline affects the(More)